Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
A Study of Oral Health Behaviors and Its Relevant Factors among Fifth and Sixth Grade Elementary School Students in Hsinchu county
Health Belief Model
Oral Hygiene Behavior
The purpose of this research was to apply the Health Belief Model and Self-efficacy to the 5th and 6th grade elementary school students in Hsinchu County to investigate the relevant factors of oral health behaviors. Samples were gathered from the 5th and 6th grade students of the first semester of academic year 2013 in Hsinchu County. The data were collected with a self-administered questionnaire by using random stratified cluster sampling method. Total valid samples were 364 with the effective return rate of 80.2%. The conclusion of this research are as follows: 1. The family’s social/economic status of the survey targets are below the average, but the oral healthy knowledge is above the average. 2. The survey targets cognition of “perceived caries contraction”, “perceived caries severity”, “perceived oral hygiene benefits” and the “oral hygiene action cue” are above the average. The survey targets cognition of “perceived oral hygiene barriers” is below the average. 3. Survey targets have 50% to 75% confidence in adopting oral health behavior and is higher than the average. 4. Survey targets implement the oral health behavior range from “sometimes” to “always”. The most oral health behavior happens in the morning, and then before the bedtime. 5. Among survey targets, in terms of gender of the participants, “oral hygiene knowledge” of female are better than male. For grade level, 5th graders show better cognition of the “perceived caries contraction” than 6th graders. In terms of academic score, the students with 90 to 100 points, their “oral hygiene knowledge”, “perceived caries threats cognition”, “oral hygiene barrier cognition”, “oral hygiene self-efficacy” and “oral hygiene behaviors” are better than other students. In terms of the family’s social/economic status, the superior background participants have the “oral hygiene knowledge” , the ”oral hygiene self-efficacy” and “oral hygiene behavior” better than other students. In terms of school size, students in bigger school have the “oral hygiene knowledge” and “oral hygiene behavior” better than students from smaller schools. 6. With multiple regression analysis, it shows the variants of “school academic performance”, “school size”, “sweets intake amount” and ”self-efficacy” can affect the oral hygiene behavior at 43.2%. The most predictable relevant factor is “oral hygiene behavior self-efficacy” and the second effective factor is “school academic performance”. Finally, based on this research results, we make some practical suggestions for improving student’s oral hygiene activities and for making future relative plans.
|Appears in Collections:||學位論文|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.