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Effectiveness of a school-based HIV/AIDS education program among junior high school students
school-based HIV/AIDS education program
HIV/AIDS health belief
HIV/AIDS prevention behavioral intention
gender role stereotype
ttitude towards homosexuality
Purpose: design multimedia teaching materials on AIDS prevention and control that are suitable for junior high school students, and evaluate the effects of curricular intervention on the students’ knowledge of, attitude towards and health belief in AIDS, behavioral intention towards AIDS prevention, gender role stereotype, and attitude towards homosexuality. Method: this study adopts the purposive sampling method for the quasi-experimental research design of the pre-test and post-test of experimental and control groups. By using students from two schools in New Taipei City as research subjects, the experimental group, in-school control group and out-of-school control group each includes four classes. Intervention through AIDS prevention and control courses are conducted for the experimental group for four weeks (once a week, 45 min. per course), while the control group and out-of-school control group take the course on health education as originally scheduled. The pre-test and post-test are carried out one week before and after the courses, respectively. A total of 317 valid questionnaires were collected (111, 111 and 95 persons from the experimental group, in-school control group and out-of-school control group, respectively). This study uses the Generalized Estimating Equation (GEE) for testing the difference between the experimental, in-school and out-of-school groups after education intervention. Results: after taking the courses on AIDS prevention and control, research subjects in the experimental group showed better results that the control groups in their knowledge of and attitude towards AIDS, behavioral intention towards AIDS prevention, gender role stereotype, and attitude towards homosexuality; the subjects in the experimental group had better results than the control groups in the aspect of AIDS health belief. Conclusion and Suggestions: according to the results, we suggest that schools can refer to the contents and structure of this study and conduct education intervention on AIDS prevention and control for all or high risk junior high school students to enhance their relevant competences and further achieve the effect of prevention in the future.
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