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Effectiveness of PM2.5 Education among College Students of an Education University in Taiwan
fine particulate matters (PM2.5)
students of teacher education
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of PM2.5 intervention curriculum among students of an university of teacher education. This study used convenience sampling to select 2 classes of college students (one class for experimental group, and the other class for control group) in National Taiwan Normal University in Taipei to conduct the education intervention. There are 33 students in each of the groups, and only the experimental group had the PM2.5 curriculum intervention. The study used questionnaires survey in pre-test and pro-test before and after the PM2.5 curriculum intervention. Statistics of t-test was conducted for data analysis. The main research findings were as follows: (1) Before the education intervention, the subjects' knowledge of PM2.5 indicated as the correct rate on each section of the questionnaires were: 61.2% for “the cognition of PM2.5”, 56.3% for “the hazard of PM2.5”, 53.7% for “the pollution source of PM2.5”, 63.7% for “the prevention of PM2.5 in daily life”, 58.1% for “the quality standard of PM2.5”, and 54.8% for “the quality warning of PM2.5”. Subjects were positive in environmental sensitivity, PM2.5 prevention attitude, and PM2.5 prevention behavior intention. (2) The experimental group showed significant improvement in knowledge, environmental sensitivity, and prevention attitude (prevention behavior intention also improved, but not significant) of PM2.5 after the education intervention. Additionally, the control group showed significant improvement only in knowledge of PM2.5. (3) The scores of the experimental group are all significantly better than that of the control group in knowledge, environmental sensitivity, prevention attitude and prevention behavior intention after the education intervention. (4) Subjects’ knowledge, environmental sensitivity and prevention attitude are significantly positive correlated with prevention behavior intention of PM2.5 before the education intervention. Subjects’ knowledge, environmental sensitivity and prevention attitude can significantly predict their prevention behavior intention of PM2.5. (5) Before the education intervention, the experimental group showed positive correction between the prevention attitude and the prevention behavior intention of PM2.5. After the education intervention, there are environmental sensitivity and prevention attitude significantly positive correlated with the prevention behavior intention of PM2.5. (6) The prevention attitude of the experimental group can significantly predict the variance of prevention behavior intention of PM2.5 by 20% in the pre-test. After the education intervention, experimental group’s environmental sensitivity and prevention attitude can significantly predict the variance of prevention behavior intention of PM2.5 by 71%. It is encouraging to see more related study expanding to different education levels in the future. Modification should be made to fit other level of education.
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