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A Study of How Parents Preventing children from smoking and related factors in Yilan City
prevent children from smoking
The rate of smoking among adolescents in Taiwan seems to increase in recent days. Previous studies have indicated that young people tend to start smoking during elementary and junior high schools. Parents are good gatekeepers for preventing adolescents from smoking. The current study aims to explore parents’ strategy to prevent their children from smoking and to discuss the related factors. The survey was conducted in October, 2003. By stratified random sampling, the parents were chosen from 4th to 9th grades in 6 elementary schools and 2 junior high schools in Yilan City. Each grade included two classes, so there were 48 classes in all. Totally, 1358 parents completed their self-administered questionnaires at home. T test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson product moment correlation and multiple regression statistics were used to examine the correlations between parents’ knowledge, attitudes, smoking status, and their preventive strategies. The result showed that mothers had better strategies than fathers, and that non-smoking parents did better than smoking parents. Parents’ knowledge of the hazard of smoking and their attitudes against tobacco were significantly associated with their preventive strategy. Moreover, the 38.1% variance of preventing children from smoking could be explained by the variables: age, male, good family atmosphere, the educational mode of being obedient to parents and consulting with parents, close parent-child relationship, children studying in elementary school, good academic performance, smoking behavior, knowledge about tobacco hazard and attitudes against smoking. In conclusion, we should promote the parental education in order to enhance their knowledge about the hazard of smoking and attitudes against smoking. We should also urge the parents to learn the parenting experience and improve the fathers’ involvement. Besides, we should encourage parents to quit smoking, in order to establish good models for the children.
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