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Factors Associated with Regular Exercise Behavior in the Community: A Case Study of an Administrative District in Taipei City
The purposes of this study was to explore the distribution of regular exercise behaviors among community members. The relationship between personal traits, exercise health beliefs, exercise social support, exercise self-efficacy, and sports environment were discussed. The predictive power of each research variable on regular exercise behavior was also investigated. The participants were resisdents above 50-year-old in Wanhua District who participated in the vaccination in October, 2018. A total of 420 questionnaires were issued and 398 valid questionnaires were collected with a recovery rate of 89%. The results were summarized as follows: 1. Participants with regular exercise behavior were 61.3% (244/398). 35.25% of the participants are male and 64.75% are female. The place that most participants taking exercise were in the park (45.1%), and on the street around the house (23.6%). The participants' regular exercise behavior had significant difference in marital status, with/without experience of using sports watches, and participants' health condition awareness. 2. The participant's regular exercise behavior is negatively correlated with exercise barriers perception, and is positively correlated with perception of exercise benefits, action clues, sports equipment near home, and the number of sports venues near home. 3. Self-efficicy of exercise, perception of exercise barriers, and perception of exercise benefits, all had influence on the level of exercise participation, and had a combined explanatory power of 10.9%. Self-efficicy of exercise had the greatest influence, followed by perception of exercise benefits and perception of exercise barriers. That is, the higher the self-efficacy of exercise, the lower the cognitive impairment of sports and the stronger the awareness of sports interests, the more of participants increases their sports participation. 4. Self-efficacy of exercise, perception of exercise barriers, and number of sports equipment near home, can effectively predict participants' regular exercise behavior. Among them, sport equipment near home (with an odds ratio of 1.871) had higher predictability. According to the results of this study, we suggest to build a friendly and safe sports environment in the vicinity of the parks and campus trails around the community, to provide accessible sports equipment and enhance regular exercise habits for the community residents.
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