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familial rearing environment
Creativity is the key factor to propel technology advancement, therefore it is importance to nurture our younger generation, who are indeed the hope of future, with creativity. It is indisputable that family plays a big role in nurturing young adolescent with creativity. The purpose of this study was to investigate how family’s rearing environment factors, which are family background, family atmosphere, parents’ rearing philosophy, parents’ behaviors, and family resources, help to cultivateyoung adolescent with scientific creativity. Five junior high school students were selected as subjects from the winners of National Science Award for the study. All subjects were located either in Taipei City or Taipei County. Semi-structured interview method was used to gather information from the subjects and their parents, and the outcomes of the interview were analyzed then classified. The results indicated that parents’ enthusiasm in education. Their effort in building a support environment for creativity, and their support in providing necessary resources, helped their children to discover their talents and interests at the early age. Gradually, these children identified the fields where they were particularly gifted, in this case, science field, where their creativities grew. In terms of family rearing environment factors, these five families share the similar characteristics as follow. 1. Family Background: Majority of parents received high education background. These parents engaged in more knowledge building or cultural activities, Parents intend to create a “learning family” at home. They tended to interact with people, who also valued education. They also perceived gaining child rearing knowledge was vital. 2. Family Atmosphere: Subjects had strong relationship with their families, and they did many family activities together. Generally, the family atmosphere was open and easy, family members showed respect and consideration for each other. 3. Rearing Philosophy and Behavior: These parents great emphasis on education, and were also high devoted. They believed children should be cultivated and developed from early age, and they need to be the role model for their children. In terms of behavior, these parents had constructive interaction with the children. They often encouraged and praised their children, and involved in their learning. To spark and maintained children’s learning motivation, the parents would provide the opportunities to advance problem solving and decision making skills. 4. Support: The parents provided received various types of travel and reading books, and they also were given more opportunities to travel and visit museums. However, these children seldom attended to cram school. 5. Cultivation of Scientific: To develop scientific creativity, apart form providing children with related knowledge, the parents went beyond by taking children to seeing innovative works, attending to science class and camps, and meeting with outstanding performers. Creativity was unleashed through those multi-stimulus, children were encouraged to think, and also to be more persistent.
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