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Sibling Relationships in Middle-aged People: the Norm and Interaction
The purpose of this paper is to investigate sibling relationships in middle-aged people in terms of the norm and interaction through a survey of samples aged 40-64. A total of 483 in middle-aged people were recovered through purposive sampling. Findings of the study indicate: 1. In the attitude towards sibling norm, respondents have a high identification of sibling relationships, and the identification of males is significantly higher than that of females, despite the fact that the identification items between genders are different. Males care more about the norms of seniority and asset division; while females concern more about emotional support and mutual assistance. 2. In the condition of sibling interaction, reunions and calling are the most common contacts, and sibling conflicts and competition rarely happen. Moreover, ‘advice and information’ is the rather common form of mutual support. 3. In sibling interactions, contact and support among siblings in females are significantly greater than that of males, suggesting that females play a better role as the ‘liaison’ among siblings in middle-aged people. 4. Among all factors affecting sibling interactions in middle-aged males and females, ‘living distance’ is the major factor affecting the contact and support in female siblings and the potential cause of conflicts and competitions. 5. The attitude towards sibling norm is the major factor attributing to sibling contact and support in middle-aged people. However, the level of identification of sibling norm is also the cause of sibling competition in middle-aged males.
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