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Research on Peer Relationships and Attitudes toward Heterosexual Relationships of Vocational High School Students in Taipei
vocational high school student
本研究主旨是探討青少年同儕關係與其異性交往態度之研究，以作為本研究設計之參考，並採問卷調查法，以台北市高職一二三年級學生，共1181位為樣本，使用改編之「高職學生異性交往態度量表」、「高職學生同儕關係量表」與「個人基本資料」為工具搜集資料，同時以SPSS For Windows 11.5統計套裝軟體，進行統計分析，分別採描述統計分析、t-檢定、單因子變異數分析及薛費事後考驗、皮爾森積差相關分析、多元迴歸分析等加以分析，得到研究結果如下：
ABSTRACT In this thesis, we probe into peer relationships and attitudes toward heterosexual relationship of adolescents. At the beginning, we read and discuss about related documents for our reference. Then, we adopts questionnaire survey method to take 1181 samples from first-year to third-year students who studies in vocational high school in Taipei city. The instruments of the study include scale of attitudes toward heterosexual relationship, scale of peer relationship, and the personal information of the samples. The results are analyzed with SPSS11.5 for Windows program running descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA analysis, Scheffe’s posteriori comparisons, Pearson’s product-moment correlations, simple regression analysis, and multiple regression analysis. Its major findings are described as follows: 1. Attitudes toward heterosexual relationships and peer relationships （1）Peer relationships The dimension of “the influence of friendship”, vocational high school students in Taipei are apt to be influenced by peer both in attitudes and value of affairs. The dimension of “mutual simulation”, vocational high school students are apt to imitate peers both in attitudes and value of affairs. The dimension of “common activity”, the students are delighted in taking part in activity with peer. Generally speaking, the relationships with peer studying in vocational high school students in Taipei are good. （2）Attitudes toward heterosexual relationships The dimension of “appropriate time of the heterosexual relationships”, the students of vocational high schools in Taipei agree to making friends with heterosexual. The dimension of “necessary expense for dating”, the students consider sharing expense for dating is OK for them. The dimension of “taking initiative in couple relationship”, the students think either one of couple could possible take initiative when pursuing. The dimension of “the degree of publicity”, most of the students in Taipei agree to falling in love with someone and open to their friends and families. The dimension of “premarital sexual behavior”, vocational high school students in Taipei are conservative in premarital sexual behavior. Generally speaking, vocational high school students are open in every dimension of attitudes toward heterosexual relationships in Taipei, but conservative in premarital sexual behavior. 2. The difference or the correlation of the attitudes of vocational high school students in Taipei toward heterosexual relationships. （1）Male adolescents are more open than female. （2）The elder students are more open than the younger students. （3）Students who have romantic experience are more open than people who have never fallen in love. （4）Students who grow up in single parent family are more open than those who from intact family. （5）The students who think that parents do not care for or even don’t pay attention to making friends with the opposite sex are more open than those who are against their relationships of falling in love. （6）The family Social-Economic status of vocational high school students is correlated with “appropriate time of .the heterosexual relationships” and “taking initiative in couple relationship” concerning heterosexual relationship. 3. The difference or the correlation of peer relationships of vocational high school students in Taipei. （1）Public vocational high school students are easier to simulate one another than private vocational high school students are. （2）The third graders are less influenced by peers and simulate one another less than the first and second graders. （3）Students who have romantic experience have better interaction than people who have never fallen in love in every dimension of peer relation. （4）Students who think that parents do not approve their sons and daughters making friends with the opposite sex simulate one another less, and attend activities among peer infrequently. （5）The family Social-Economic status of vocational high school students correlate with “the influence of friendship” and “common activity”. 4. Peer relationships of vocational high school students in Taipei can meaningfully predict their attitudes toward heterosexual relationships. Suggestions are made according to the results shown above for parenting education, school-based gender education and further studies.
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