Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/86933
Title: 台北市高職學生同儕關係與其異性交往態度之研究
Research on Peer Relationships and Attitudes toward Heterosexual Relationships of Vocational High School Students in Taipei
Authors: 黃馨慧
張靖爾
Keywords: 青少年
高職學生
同儕關係
異性交往
adolescent
vocational high school student
peer relationship
heterosexuality
Issue Date: 2006
Abstract: 摘 要 本研究主旨是探討青少年同儕關係與其異性交往態度之研究,以作為本研究設計之參考,並採問卷調查法,以台北市高職一二三年級學生,共1181位為樣本,使用改編之「高職學生異性交往態度量表」、「高職學生同儕關係量表」與「個人基本資料」為工具搜集資料,同時以SPSS For Windows 11.5統計套裝軟體,進行統計分析,分別採描述統計分析、t-檢定、單因子變異數分析及薛費事後考驗、皮爾森積差相關分析、多元迴歸分析等加以分析,得到研究結果如下: 壹、台北市高職學生的同儕關係與其異性交往態度之現況 一、台北市高職學生的同儕關係現況 台北市高職學生在「友誼影響」面向方面,其對於事物之態度、價值上傾向於易受到同儕的影響。 在「相互模仿」面向方面,其對事物之態度、價值或行為上傾向於會模仿同儕。 在「共同活動」面向方面,其常與同儕共同參加某些活動。 整體而言,台北市高職學生同儕關係良好。 二、台北市高職學生的異性交往態度現況   在「交往時機」面向方面,高職學生傾向於同意在高中職階段結交異性朋友。   在「約會開銷」面向方面,高職學生較傾向於認同約會時的各項開銷應由男女平均分擔。   在「主動性」面向方面,高職學生傾向於認同女性也可以採取主動積極的態度。   在「公開程度」面向方面,高職學生對自己結交異性朋友傾向於願意大方公開。   在「婚前性行為」面向方面,高職學生對於婚前性行為的態度傾向於保守。 整體而言,台北市高職學生在異性交往態度的各面向傾向於開放,但在「婚前性行為」態度面向上則傾向於保守。 貳、台北市高職學生異性交往態度的差異或相關情形 一、男生較女生略為開放。 二、高年級較低年級傾向於開放。 三、有異性交往經驗者又較無異性交往經驗者開放。 四、生長於單親家庭者較生親家庭者傾向於開放。 五、認為父母對子女結交異性朋友持贊成或無所謂態度者較不贊成者開放。 六、高職學生家庭社經地位與異性交往態度之「交往時機」、「主動性」有相關。 參、台北市高職學生同儕關係的差異或相關情形 一、台北市公立高職學生較私立高職學生傾向於會彼此模仿。 二、高三學生受友誼影響與相互模仿的情形較高一、高二學生為偏低。 三、有異性交往經驗者其在同儕關係各面向上的互動均較無異性交往經驗者為良好。 四、認為父母不贊成子女結交異性朋友的高職生較少相互模仿,也不常參加同儕間的活動。 五、高職學生的家庭社經地位也與「友誼影響」、「共同活動」有相關。 肆、台北市高職學生的同儕關係對於其異性交往態度最有預測力。 本研究根據以上的結果提出建議,以供家庭教育、學校兩性教育、政府相關單位等及未來研究者之參考。
ABSTRACT In this thesis, we probe into peer relationships and attitudes toward heterosexual relationship of adolescents. At the beginning, we read and discuss about related documents for our reference. Then, we adopts questionnaire survey method to take 1181 samples from first-year to third-year students who studies in vocational high school in Taipei city. The instruments of the study include scale of attitudes toward heterosexual relationship, scale of peer relationship, and the personal information of the samples. The results are analyzed with SPSS11.5 for Windows program running descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA analysis, Scheffe’s posteriori comparisons, Pearson’s product-moment correlations, simple regression analysis, and multiple regression analysis. Its major findings are described as follows: 1. Attitudes toward heterosexual relationships and peer relationships (1)Peer relationships The dimension of “the influence of friendship”, vocational high school students in Taipei are apt to be influenced by peer both in attitudes and value of affairs. The dimension of “mutual simulation”, vocational high school students are apt to imitate peers both in attitudes and value of affairs. The dimension of “common activity”, the students are delighted in taking part in activity with peer. Generally speaking, the relationships with peer studying in vocational high school students in Taipei are good. (2)Attitudes toward heterosexual relationships The dimension of “appropriate time of the heterosexual relationships”, the students of vocational high schools in Taipei agree to making friends with heterosexual. The dimension of “necessary expense for dating”, the students consider sharing expense for dating is OK for them. The dimension of “taking initiative in couple relationship”, the students think either one of couple could possible take initiative when pursuing. The dimension of “the degree of publicity”, most of the students in Taipei agree to falling in love with someone and open to their friends and families. The dimension of “premarital sexual behavior”, vocational high school students in Taipei are conservative in premarital sexual behavior. Generally speaking, vocational high school students are open in every dimension of attitudes toward heterosexual relationships in Taipei, but conservative in premarital sexual behavior. 2. The difference or the correlation of the attitudes of vocational high school students in Taipei toward heterosexual relationships. (1)Male adolescents are more open than female. (2)The elder students are more open than the younger students. (3)Students who have romantic experience are more open than people who have never fallen in love. (4)Students who grow up in single parent family are more open than those who from intact family. (5)The students who think that parents do not care for or even don’t pay attention to making friends with the opposite sex are more open than those who are against their relationships of falling in love. (6)The family Social-Economic status of vocational high school students is correlated with “appropriate time of .the heterosexual relationships” and “taking initiative in couple relationship” concerning heterosexual relationship. 3. The difference or the correlation of peer relationships of vocational high school students in Taipei. (1)Public vocational high school students are easier to simulate one another than private vocational high school students are. (2)The third graders are less influenced by peers and simulate one another less than the first and second graders. (3)Students who have romantic experience have better interaction than people who have never fallen in love in every dimension of peer relation. (4)Students who think that parents do not approve their sons and daughters making friends with the opposite sex simulate one another less, and attend activities among peer infrequently. (5)The family Social-Economic status of vocational high school students correlate with “the influence of friendship” and “common activity”. 4. Peer relationships of vocational high school students in Taipei can meaningfully predict their attitudes toward heterosexual relationships. Suggestions are made according to the results shown above for parenting education, school-based gender education and further studies.
URI: http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=%22http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=id=%22GN0692060098%22.&%22.id.&
http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/86933
Other Identifiers: GN0692060098
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