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Title: 嬰幼兒紅綠色盲篩檢測驗初探
The Study of Developing Infants’ Red-Green Color Blind Screening Tests
Authors: 鍾志從
Jyh-Tsorng Jong
Jing-Yi Jhang
Keywords: 色盲篩檢
color blind screening
color blind screening systems
congenital color vision deficiency
Issue Date: 2015
Abstract: 本研究旨在發展一套適用於年齡較小嬰幼兒所使用的色盲篩檢測 驗。因為色盲在世界上有相當比例的人口數存在,受到遺傳的影響, 色盲患者從出生起便無法生活在正常的色覺環境裡。而世界衛生組織 及聯合國兒童基金會也呼籲大家要關心嬰幼兒的身心健康以幫助嬰幼 兒獲得健全的發展,因此,及早發現色盲患者來促使他們提早接受更 符合身心發展的環境是有必要性。而目前世界上使用數種色覺辨識的 方式皆不能完全地符合嬰幼兒的發展特性。 本研究的研究流程將以嬰幼兒視覺發展特性為著眼點,使用檢出 率高的假同色圖篩檢及最新的視覺科技,發展嬰幼兒色盲篩檢工具, 並透過操作眼動儀來進行實驗。第一階段以成人實驗為主,其中包含 成人紅綠色盲患者共8 名,旨在反覆檢證與開發題組;第二階段為嬰 幼兒實驗,共38 名嬰幼兒參加,先通過視覺追視測驗後,再利用所開 發完成的色盲篩檢工具進行篩檢實驗。 本研究的結論如下:一、嬰幼兒色盲篩檢工具可以使用固定比例 隨機散佈點的方式製作。二、動態篩檢最接近真實情況。三、嬰幼兒 的篩檢以是否患有色盲為主,無需區分色盲程度。四、27 名三個月以 上嬰幼兒能完成視覺追視測驗。五、本研究開發完成的工具具有良好 的敏感性與特異性,檢出效果良好,適用於三歲以下的嬰幼兒。
This study was develop a new set of color-blindness screening test for infants and young children. Actually, those who are color blindness are a considerable proportion of the population in the world. They are all influenced by heredity, and can not to live in a normal colorful environment from birth. The World Health Organization and UNICEF also called on everyone to be concerned about the health of infants and young children in order to help young children getting healthy development. As a result, early detection of colorblindness is a necessity because that will prompt them earlier to accept more in line with mental development environment there. At present, the use of several types of color vision identifying ways in the world are not completely line with the development characteristics of infants and young children. This study focused on infant visual development feature and using the latest technology to develop a screening tool for infants and young children to screen colorblind, and through the operation of the eye tracker to perform experiments. The first stage contained a total of eight adults who were red-green colorblindness that aimed to build up a set of screening tests and repeatedly seized evidence. The second stage includes a total of 38 infant’s participants, first to pass visual gaze following tests, and then use the color blind screening tools we made up to screening experiments. Conclusions of this study were as follows: First, this study found that the development of color blindness screening tool can made by a fixed percentage of randomly scattered points. Second, the dynamic screening way is more close to the truly screening status. Third, infants should screening if suffer from color blindness or not, but not to identify the levels of serious. Fourth, a total of 27 infants who were more than 3 months, can pass visual gaze following tests. Fifth, this tool applies to infants and children under the age of three, and it also has good detection of sensitivity and specificity.
Other Identifiers: GN060006029E
Appears in Collections:學位論文

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