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A study of the relations about Macau preschool children’s temperament, parenting belief, and prosocial behavior.
|Abstract:||本研究旨在瞭解幼兒氣質、父母教養觀和幼兒利社會行為的現 況,並檢測前兩者與後者的關聯,也探討年齡、性別和家庭社經與 三者的差異。本研究以 664 位小班和大班的幼兒為研究對象,幼兒 來自澳門地區六所幼兒園。再以幼兒氣質量表、家長教養觀與育兒 價值感量表以及幼兒利社會行為教師評定量表為工具。透過 SPSS23.0 對回收資料進行處理,描述性統計、獨立樣本 t 檢定、單 因子變異數分析、皮爾森積差相關及階層迴歸的分析結果顯示:
四、澳門幼兒男生活動量和反應閾比女生高、適應性和堅持性比女生低。大班幼兒比小班幼兒分神度低。高社經地位的幼兒堅持 性較低社經幼兒高,分神度則較中社經的幼兒低。利社會行為 方面,女生在分享行為、幫助行為、關心行為和合作行為都顯 著比男生高。大班幼兒的分享行為、幫助行為、關心行為和合 作行為都顯著比小班高。低社經幼兒的分享行為、幫助行為和 關心行為皆顯著比中社經幼兒表現好,分享行為和合作行為則顯著比高社經幼兒表現好。
The purposes of this study were to understand the current status of preschoolers’ temperaments, the parenting belief and prosocial behavior, and to examine the relations between three of variables, also to examine the relations among of gender, age and socioeconomic status with three variables. Targeting preschooler studied at K1 (age 3) and K3 (age 5). There were 664 subjects from six preschools of Macau. Instruments used in this research include “Young Children Temperament Scale”, “The Value of Parenting and Rearing Scale, and “The Scale of Preschoolers’ Prosocial Behavior by Teachers”. The main findings were listed as follows: 1. Macau of preschoolers’ activity level, rhythmicity and adaptability are moderate to high, quality of mood is moderate to negative, persistence and distractibility are moderate to low, approach/withdrawal is moderate to withdrawal. Specially, intensity of reaction is high, and threshold of responsiveness is low. 2. Macau traditional parenting concepts are below the middle level and changing from old to new. The values of parenting are biased high level. 3. Cooperating is the best in the prosocial behavior of Macau preschoolers’. Sharing is second and follow by helping, and lastly by caring. 4. Boys’ activity level and threshold of responsiveness are higher than girls’, boys’ adaptability and persistence are lower than girls’. K3 preschoolers’ distractibility is lower than K1s’. The group from high SES’s persistence is higher than low SES’s, the distractibility is lower than middle group. Girls’ sharing, helping, caring and cooperating are better than boys’. K3 preschoolers’ sharing, helping, caring and cooperating are better than K1s’. The group from low SES’s sharing is better than middle and high SES’s. The low SES group’s sharing, helping and caring are better than middle group’s, the sharing and cooperating is better than the high group. 5. Preschoolers’ temperaments can forecast whose prosocial behavior. The higher adaptability of preschoolers who would have more sharing. The higher adaptability and approach of preschoolers who would have more helping and caring. The preschooler who has higher adaptability, positive mode, and higher activity level would have more cooperating.
|Appears in Collections:||學位論文|
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