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The Association of Color Preference and Effortful Control in Preschoolers
color preference consistency
Abstract The purposes of this study were to understand the association of color preference and effortful control in preschoolers, and to examine the relationship between the two, and explore age and sex differences for their color preferences consistency and effortful control. The 356 preschoolers participated in this study. They were aged 4~5, from five public preschools in Zhongshan District, Songshan District, Daan District, Xinyi District, Neihu District and two private preschools in Nangang District. By using the Nine-Color color cards of practical color coordinate system (PCCS), i.e., red, orange, yellow, green, blue, purple, black, gray and white, the preschoolers’ current status of color preference was collected. Also, during the clinical interview of Simon Says Task, the performances of preschoolers’ effortful control were recorded. The results showed that: (1)153 preschoolers (about 43%) showed color preference consistency. (2)Preschoolers liked chromatic colors more than achromatic colors. (3)The color of preschoolers liked in order is blue, red, yellow, purple, green, orange, white, black and gray. Most girls liked red and purple, and boys preferred blue more. Five year olds showed color preference consistency more than four year olds. (4)All subjects’ scores of effortful control were very well (M=9.23). (5)The scores of the effortful control did not differ by sex. (6)The 5 year olds showed better performance in effortful control than those 4 year olds. (7)There was a significant association between preschoolers’ color preference consistency and their effortful control. Boys with color preference consistency showed better than those with no color preference consistency in effortful control performances. Five year olds with color preference consistency showed better than those with no color preference consistency in effortful control performances. (8)There was no significant association between preschoolers’ color preference consistency and their effortful control. There were the same in the different sex groups and age groups.
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