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Intergenerational Relations toward Attitudes to the Organized System of Long-term Care Services
the organized system of long-term care services
The purpose of this study is to discuss the older adults’ demographic characteristics, intergenerational relations and the organized system of long-term care services. According to literature review, the study use normative solidarity and functional solidarity to explore the intergenerational relations. According to the location of the organized system of long-term care, they are three sorts of services which are home care, community care and institutional care. The study samples consisted of 55 years older adults, who have join Elderly Colleges, adult child and haven’t disabled. The questionnaire was adopted and administered for this study in order to gather the study data, it takes the method of “purpose sampling” to get the valid questionnaires are 471 older adults. The data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics, including mean and standard deviation, percentage, multiple regression analysis and hierarchical multiple regression analysis. The major findings are presented as follows: 1.The older adults’ average age is 67. The majority of the older adults’ was highly homogeneous. Most of them had college or senior high school degrees. Additionally, most of them are living with spouse and adult children. Generally, the older adults are depending on annual payment. 2.The older adults’ main filial piety norms for children are affective supports and keep in touch. On the contrary, they are not expectancy to live with children when they get married. Religion, educational level, marital status, living status and economic status are the most effective factors in the normative solidarity. 3.The older adults and their adult children are reciprocal relations. In addition to, the affective supports are more than instrumental supports. The number of children, living status and economic status are the most effective factors in the functional solidarity. 4.The older adults toward attitudes to the day care center, in home nursing services, home help services are higher than residential homes. 5.Educational level, health status and normative solidarity are the most effective factors in the older adults toward attitudes to the home care. Age, health status, normative solidarity and functional solidarity are the most effective factors in the older adults toward attitudes to the community care. Age, health status, and normative solidarity are the most effective factors in the older adults toward attitudes to the institutional care. 6.Normative solidarity has a mediation effect in the older adults’ educational level toward attitudes to the home care, community care and institutional care. Normative solidarity has a mediation effect in the older adults’ marital status toward attitudes to the institutional care. At last, based on the above findings, some constructional suggestions were made to the old adults and adult children, elder education, social welfare and for the further study.
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