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The Course Design and Implementation on Chinese as a Second Language for Academic Purposes in Taiwan
Teaching Chinese as a Second Language
There are over 10 thousand foreign students come to Taiwan these years around for the purpose of pursuing an academic degree. They come to Taiwan for furthering their study; however, their Chinese proficiency is almost novice level. Chinese for academic purposes is different from the primary Chinese course at the Chinese Language Center. Besides, before entering universities, they had not received specialized Chinese for academic learning and training. Thus, it is common to see many of foreign students run into difficulties during their studies. The developed course focuses on the foreign students for diplomas, and instructs them Chinese for general academic purposes accompanied with learning skills for studies. This paper based on the curriculum design, to develop the pre-sessional course for foreign students. In this study, before implementation and after literature analysis, there are following research phases undergoing: 1. to understand Chinese language learning needs analysis of foreign students. 2. to collect a corpus of learning Chinese contents and topics for academic purposes. 3. to develop the curriculum and arrange learning assistants. 4. to do the action research and the correction of curriculum planning. 5. to collect the record and data of teaching and learning materials and to assess the effectiveness of teaching. By the implementation of the four semesters of teaching, the following results are attained:1. the need analysis and survey of Chinese for general academic purposes for foreign students. 2. to determine the contents and topics of the course. 3. to develop teaching texts and learning materials. 4. to merge the learning skills and strategies into the textbook and its teaching. 5. The course of teaching is working well enough for the reference of the sort of curriculum. The findings derived from this action research suggest that: 1. The pre-sessional course should have got college credits 2. Partition Taiwan district of universities and cooperate to develop the course with each other. 3. Detailed the enrollment and study regulation, and provide the course for foreign students. 4. The lives of foreign students and academic learning ability should be concerned. 5. The authorities should develop the materials and learning resources of the course.
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