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A Study of Classroom Activity-based Teaching Materials for Children's L2 Chinese Classes
Chinese as a second language instructional design
There has been a steady rise in the number of young non-heritage learners of Chinese, but so far there have been very few studies concerning Chinese teaching materials for children at international schools or in second language learning environments. The purpose of this thesis is to design practical and effective activity-based materials for children learning Chinese. This study adopted the Content Analysis Research method and used a checklist of Chinese teaching materials to evaluate the Chinese teaching materials currently used to teach children at International school J. A needs assessment using surveys and interviews was also conducted to determine the needs of both teachers and learners. A keen demand for classroom activity-based Chinese materials for children was found. Next, guidelines for Chinese teaching activities for children were drawn up and a sample lesson was designed, including a functional index, a list of useful classroom language, a lesson plan for classroom activities, power point slides, student work sheets, unit tests, and guidelines for the unit tests. The sample lesson was then used to teach a class, and revised according to the feedback and suggestions of both the teacher and the learners. The results of this study show that classroom activity-based Chinese teaching materials not only promote effective learning for children, but are also more practical than other Chinese teaching materials. This study also contains a concrete checklist of Chinese teaching materials for children. This checklist provides teaching material designers and teachers with guidelines for developing or selecting appropriate teaching materials. Finally, suggestions regarding the design of teaching materials are made. In particular, activity-based curriculums and teacher-created materials are emphasized. When teaching materials are being designed, each topic should be chosen based on students’ interests; once topics havebeen decided upon language points should be chosen. Next, suitable activities should be designed. These activities should be used as the basis of a textbook. A classroom activity-based teaching materials template is provided at the end of this study.
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