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Definitional Tests for Parts of Speech in Chinese
parts of speech system
definitional tests for parts of speech
Most TCSL textbooks currently published use the English part of speech system to classify words in Chinese, but since Chinese syntax is completely different from that ofEnglish these classifications are typically inadequate. Moreover, this practice causes confusion for learners of Chinese. The purpose of this study is to reevaluate the current system for analyzing Chinese part of speech from theoretical and pedagogical perspectives, and describe a system more appropriate for Chinese. Next, the author determines what words belong to which word classes. Although linguists have been discussing how to determine part of speech for many years, the author feels that rather than simply describing words it is necessary to discuss the reasoning behind a classification system. This paper uses Teng's (to appear) system of eight major parts of speech as its theoretical basis, and uses semantic, syntactic and pragmatic viewpoints to analyze the structural relationships of definitional tests or parts of speech. The fourth and fifth chapters use classifications from the previous system (nouns and verbs in the fourth chapter; prepositions, conjunctions and adverbs in the fifth) to create an unassailable classification system, and discover and establish stable and appropriate syntactic descriptions. The establishment of syntactic structures can provide evidence for classifying words' parts of speech Chinese teachers during the process of writing textbooks, thereby solving the problems created by over dependence on words' meaning and authors' subjective opinion. The author hopes this paper's framework for evaluating parts of speech will improve the quality and efficiency of teaching, and lessen the occurrence of errors.
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