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The Design on the Chinese Characters Course in Intermediate Level For Learners of Chinese as a Foreign Language
Hsin Shih Chang
Chinese language teaching
Chinese character culture
Foreign Chinese language learners
Abstract Keywords: Chinese language teaching, Chinese character, Chinese character culture, Curriculum design, Foreign Chinese language learners, Intermediate level After many years of dedicated work by scholars in this field, the study of Chinese language teaching has achieved lucrative results in not only Chinese pronunciation and grammar but also the study of Chinese characters. The problems and issues arising from Chinese character curriculum, difficulty for learners as well as inadequacy of Chinese character teaching materials have caught the attention of scholars, resulting in a powerful integration of scholarly work from various fields of study and an earnest collaboration in research related to Chinese character teaching. The present research attempts to incorporate the cultural significance of Chinese characters into Chinese foreign language studies. The research hopes that starting from the foundation of Chinese character writing, students will continue to grasp the deeper meanings of Chinese characters and enhance their learning in both breadth and depth. The present research focuses on conducting research and designing curriculum for foreign Chinese language learners. The research first collected, analyzed, and critiqued related articles. The next steps investigate and analyze real Chinese language curriculum, which include cases of both comprehensive language classes as well as Chinese character teaching from Chinese-character-aided curriculum, from Harvard University and similar programs. Subsequently, an analysis of educational materials was performed, including thoseof comprehensive Chinese language nature and independent Chinese character materials. In addition, in order to understand the demands of both teachers and students for learning Chinese through Chinese characters, a series of one-on-one interviews was carried out and analyzed. Lastly, integrating the results of each of these sections, a Chinese character curriculum was designed. After conducting the research and design for this curriculum, the present research has come to several conclusions: 1) To propose the concept of a multi-level, systematic Chinese character curriculum. 2) To propose a plan for the Chinese character curriculum specifically targeted at intermediate level learners. 3) To design a curriculum that connects the fundamental study of the characters themselves with a deeper understanding of their underlying culture and 4) To design a combined curriculum including both a solid study of Chinese characters as well as a dynamic discussion of culture. This curriculum aims to help learners progress through it by choosing a reasonable level of study and gain an appropriate sense of achievement from their personal improvement in Chinese character skill. In order to evaluate the level of learner’s Chinese character ability, a rating system for lessons should be expected to be implemented and developed as an appropriate tool for critiquing Chinese character skill.
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