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The Design of Short-term Intensive Chinese Teaching Materials for Indonesian Language Speakers Planning to Study in Taiwan (Beginner Level)
Short-term intensive Chinese teaching materials
Chinese teaching materials
Teaching Chinese material design
Study in Taiwan
In recent years, many universities in Taiwan have been actively promoting their schools globally. In order to attract international students, universities have provided abundant scholarships opportunities. In the year 2012, the Indonesian government announced Taiwan as one of the top four priority countries, where a PhD student candidate may apply for government scholarship. Ever since, according to the statistics from the Ministry of Education in the year 2014, Indonesia is among the top 5 countries sending its students to receive higher education in Taiwan. Although the medium of instruction is conducted in English, Chinese is still the main communication tool for everyday life. Books related to the Taiwanese daily life and Chinese language text books for specific purposes are very rare in Indonesian bookstores. Based on the experiences of Indonesian students studying in Taiwan, living in Indonesia and living in Taiwan are totally different, not only in terms of the languages but also in terms of the cultural differences. For example, for the majority of Muslim students, eating is a matter of faith in Islam. How to meet their dietary law in Taiwan can be quite challenging sometime. So, the author carefully consider the experiences of Indonesian students studying in Taiwan to tailor the contents of a short-term intensive material, such that it can be an appropriate teaching material for them to learn Chinese in the shortest possible time period. This study applies the content analysis, survey, and developmental research in its methodology. In general, this study can be divided into sixth stages. In the first stage, literature related this study, including the study of material design for second language acquisition, the study of material design for short-term intensive Chinese course, teaching pedagogy and contrastive analysis between Chinese and Indonesia languages, were reviewed. At the second stage, the author critically evaluated seven Chinese beginners teaching materials and survival guidebooks from China and Taiwan. Then, in the third stage, a questionnaire was conducted with the sample size of 39 Indonesian students who are currently studying in Taiwan, and five of them were interviewed to understand further their expectation of a teaching material for Indonesian students planning to study in Taiwan. Based on the theories and needs analysis of the students, the author compile and formulate several principals in designing a short-term teaching material for Indonesian students studying in Taiwan with no previous Chinese language learning experience. Following it, in the fifth stage, the basic outline of the teaching material and some selected units of the material were presented as examples. Finally, conclusions and recommendations material are provided for future references.
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