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Instructional Design for Intermediate Chinese Oral Course with Short Films : An Example on Spanish-Speaking Learners.
Online short films
Intermediate oral teaching
Communicative Language Teaching
This study aims at planning an instructional design for orally teaching authentic materials using online short films to Spanish-speaking learners in a non-target language environment. To the best of our knowledge, learners of Spanish-speaking areas are interested in learning real natural language; they perceive the gap between the language they learn in class and the language spoken by native speakers. However, teaching practices using local Chinese-language films require further development. To bridge the gap between curricular and extracurricular language activities, we expect that developing an extracurricular, reinforced short-film oral teaching course would improve local teaching practices and enhance the ability of learners to speak natural languages. This paper presents a developmental study and survey research, investigating the current status of Chinese language teaching in Spanish-speaking areas. We integrated Chinese-language audiovisual media teaching with intermediate oral teaching practices, while using Communicative Language Teaching as the theoretical foundation. Subsequently, referential settings for short-film oral teaching were preliminarily obtained. Through an analysis of audiovisual teaching materials, questionnaire surveys, and interviews with teachers, we adopted the perspective of both the teacher and the learner to elucidate the current status of teaching practices, learning requirements, and how short-film teaching is implemented in Spanish-speaking areas. In the questionnaire survey and interview, the teachers and students indicated problems concerning material selection. Based on the aforementioned discussion, we summarized the principle of film selections, from which short films were screened and selected. Finally, short films were selected on the basis of various analytical findings to design a teaching demonstration process. According to the research results, it is preliminarily suggested that micro films from different places in the Greater China Region be used with the comprehensible input, level of interest and types of controversial topics as the criteria of selection in order to determine the linguistic functions, structure and cultural focus. Through the guidance of the relationship between context and language forms, thinking, discussion and summarization, the way that the psychological intention of a native speaker affects the form of verbal expression can be understood. In addition, through practice and development of knowledge driven by learning experiences, learners’ sensitivity to the real language can also be enhanced. With the help of communicative activities, such as controlled techniques, semi-controlled techniques and free techniques, that can be achieved through group work, such as simulations, film dubbing activities, discussions and other activities that encourage individuals to express themselves and to speak with confidence, in combination with in-depth knowledge concerning context, the cultural horizons of the target language can be greatly expanded.
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