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A Discourse Analysis of the Dui Phrase and Its Pedagogical Implications
double nominative focus
|Abstract:||本論文以 Halliday 的「概念」（ideational）、「篇章」（textual）、「人際」（interpersonal）三大純理功能（metafunction）為分析架構，並以兩大語料庫—聯合知識庫 （UDN data） 和中文詞彙特性素描系統（Chinese Word Sketch Engine, CWS）中各200筆「對字短語」語料，探討其基本結構語義以及分析其篇章功能，以便將研究結果應用於教學中。
The present thesis has adopted the theoretical framework of Halliday’s metafunction which encompasses ideational, textual, and interpersonal functions (Halliday 1985, 1994, 2004). The study is substantiated by empirical data, composed of 400 tokens of data from two corpuses in Taiwan, each collecting 200 tokens. One is UDN data and the other is Chinese Word Sketch Engine, CWS. In addition, the basic semantic meanings are distinguished in order to investigate their functions in discourse, in the hope that the results could be applied for pedagogical purposes. The study explores how in the beginning “Dui” was first used as a regular verb at semantic level to answer questions while over time, “Dui” has carried the meaning of further elaboration, namely, the abstract meanings such as directivity and objectivity. Meanwhile, in the process of grammaticalization, “Dui” has become a preposition. Still, the thesis continues on the path of further combing previous studies related to syntactic structure as well as textual function in expectation of shedding light on the usage of extremely complicated “Dui” structure in Chinese. In addition, based on the 400 authentic written and spoken data collected from previously mentioned corpuses, the data of corpuses reveals that the intra-sentential “Dui” phrase has a much higher frequency of occurrence than the inter-sentential one. The differences of the scope reflect those of textual functions. The findings of the study suggests that the intra-sentential “Dui” phrase is an unmarked form with narrow scope, which brings out the natural focus or contrastive focus; while being at the inter-sentential level and operating within broad scope, the “Dui” phrase is used as a marked form, which is rare and carries out the role of topic in the textual functions. Moreover, with regard to textual coherence, the study looks into the lexical cohesion and semantic coherence to examine its relation with the preceeding context, including how it paves way for the following context. When the “Dui” phrase carries out the role of topic in a sentence, it tends to enhance the previously mentioned citation information. However, its relation with the following context involves elaborating on additional details of the previous point, therefore displays an incremental relationship with the following context. Lastly, six textbooks that are commonly used in Chinese language centers in Taiwan are reviewed based on the linguistic analysis in this study while at the same time, providing teaching suggestions for high-intermediated level students.
|Appears in Collections:||學位論文|
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