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Social workers’ treatment practices in family preservation services
This study investigates social workers’ treatment practices in family preservation services. Researchers use qualitative research method to collect and analyze research data. Using the one-on-one in-depth interview method, this study interviewed a total of 7 social workers, who are currently, or who have worked as family preservation social workers. The research results are included in the following four sections: 1. The value beliefs and case understanding of social workers in family preservation services Interviewees think that there are many reasons why child abuse occurs. In addition to personal factors, the biggest reason is that, underneath the existing social structure, it is the result of poor interaction of the whole family system. Secondly, most of the interviewees agree that family is the best nurturing environment for children, and that only when a child's personal safety is threatened, that a social worker will have conflicting ideals between "in the best interest for the child" and "maintain family integrity". 2. Factor analysis on treatment models for family preservation services This research found that interviewees adopted differing theories at different treatment phases, and that the goal strategies set in a treatment process, service subjects and the role a social worker plays are all different. No specific theory or treatment model can flawlessly assist in meeting the needs of a case subject. Therefore, social workers adopted a contingency attitude to assist the case subject. They present a treatment model that may be best described as generic or eclectic. 3. The work practices of social workers of family preservation service This study found that interviewees divided the workflow for family preservation into beginning, middle and ending phases, and that each phase comprises a different treatment content. In addition, interviewees also developed a treatment strategy for working with involuntary family during a treatment process. Levels of elements that affect social workers’ work practices include individual level, institution level and relationship level. 4. Program effectiveness and recommendations for family preservation services In terms of program effectiveness, interviewees think that it is effective in the individual aspect, family aspect and social aspect. They also expect that government will actively invest resources to implement this program and establish improved community network resources. Lastly, this study provides discussions and makes recommendations at the end of the paper as future references for governing policies, work practices and social work education.
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