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The Process of People with Psychiatric Disability towards Independent Living under Clubhouse Model ─Take Eden Fountain House as an Example
Recently, Clubhouse Model, which has already practiced for decades overseas, has sprouted in Taiwan. In this study, the researcher takes the individual subject as the main point of view, instead of treating the people with psychiatric disability as patients, and chooses Clubhouse-Model-practiced “Eden Fountain House” as the research field, to realize the process towards independent living of the people with psychiatric disability, including what elements and strategies the clubhouse has, what difficulties the people with psychiatric disability will meet during the process, and how the workers overcome the difficulties with them. In this study, the researcher understands the operation in the Clubhouse Model Community-run during the field participant observation for half year through voluntary, side by side , equal rights and other elements, people with psychiatric disability could gradually recovered as human nature. By depth interview method for seven people with psychiatric disability and five workers, then images of independent living for the people with psychiatric disability. Through the study, the researchers found that people with psychiatric disability come to Eden Fountain House, they gradually build up their confidence and trust of the people through participation and interaction. People with psychiatric disability fit into the society and play kinds of social roles through theatre performance, citizen journalist, social advocacy, employment programs. In addiction, the workers assisted people with psychiatric disability to escape the oppression and bondage of disease framework in the body, and thus become masters of their own lives, and they autonomously make decisions and living arrangements, and are responsible for each decision. Clubhouse Model is different from the traditional model of service; workers usually have to face the struggle between the relationships and the roles. This study suggests that the supervision of Clubhouse Model should be well-systematized to assist workers to have deep awareness and reflection during the process of practice, to stabilize the development of Clubhouse Model and practice. Recommended that the future development of psychiatric disability in independent living services should be considered in the context of Taiwan's social and cultural differences, to close to their needs, and promote the well-being of people with psychiatric disability.
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