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Title: 男性社會工作人員的性別經驗
Authors: 潘淑滿
Keywords: 男性社會工作人員
male social worker
gender role
gender stereotype
gender experience
Issue Date: 2011
Abstract: 本文旨在探討男性選擇進入被視為女性化職業的社會工作領域中的性別經驗,主要在探討他們選擇從事社會工作的原因,以及在面對親友和在教育階段面對女性同學、職場階段面對女性同事、女性案主時所遭遇到的性別經驗,以及他們的因應策略。希望藉由對男性社會工作人員性別經驗的探索,以提供給目前有遭遇相似經驗的男性社會工作人員因應策略的參考。本研究採用質性研究方法,透過深度訪談方式,為期獲致較豐富資料,因此訪談七位以女性為主要服務對象領域中的男性社會工作人員,領域包括:家庭暴力、婚姻暴力、高風險家庭、女性中途之家等。 研究分析結果發現,受訪者會選擇進入社會工作領域大部分是因為聯考分數填到社會工作學系,經過四年社會工作專業教育後,因無其他技能因此選擇從事社會工作。受性別角色與性別刻板印象的影響,身邊的親友常會質疑男性從事社會工作的薪水是否有辦法養家。而在與女性同學及同事相處時,常必須負責符合性別刻板印象的工作。在服務女性案主時,常會因性別的差異而感受到服務的困境。在因應策略上,面對女性同學、同事時,受訪者們則會透過打破性別刻板印象以及性別化分工的方式加以因應。在面對女性案主時,則會透過轉換接觸女性案主的方式、使用緩慢且溫柔的語氣並拉長建立關係時間、隨時自省並培養性別意識、以及小心評估女性案主的情感轉移等方式作為因應。 最後本研究建議,男女性社會工作人員都應學習如何與異性相處,社會工作專業教育應更重視性別意識的培養及個別化的需求,各社會工作公私部門應加強與案主互動技巧的職前與在職訓練。此外,期望性別平權及性別教育的落實,能逐漸打破性別的刻板印象。
This study aimed at understanding the gender experience of male social workers when they were in their territory. It’s mainly to discuss their reasons for choice of social work, and the gender experience when they face to female partners or clients in the stage of college and employment. This study used qualitative research methods. Through the way of depth interviews, I interviewed with seven male social workers. Their duties of social work including: domestic violence, marital violence, high-risk families, female halfway house and so on. This study found that the respondents would choose to enter the field of social work because of the scores from Joint College Entrance Examination to the Department of Social Work. After four years of social work education, they found that they couldn’t have other skill and choose to engage in social work. Both of effect in gender roles and gender stereotypes, their relatives and friends often questioned the salaries of male social worker could support their family. In the stage of college and employment, the respondents often be responsible for compliance with gender stereotypes work. In the service of women’s clients, they often experience service difficulties because of gender differences. Therefore, when the respondents face to female classmates and colleagues, their coping strategies have to break gender stereotypes and gender division of labor. In addition, when the respondents face to female clients, their coping strategies have to transform other way to contact female clients, and use not only slow but gentle tone and lengthen the time to build relationships. Apart from this, they also develop gender awareness, self-reflection, and carefully assess the female client’s transference. This study recommends male and female social workers should learn how to get along with the opposite sex. Social work education should be more emphasis on training gender awareness and the needs of individuals, the public and private sectors of social work should strengthen social worker’s client interaction skills in job training and pre-employment training. In addition, expectations of gender equality and the implementation of gender education will be gradually break down gender stereotypes.
Other Identifiers: GN0696180092
Appears in Collections:學位論文

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