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The association among mental health social workers’ cultural inclination, mental health stigma, and recovery knowledge
Mental Health Social Worker
Stigma of Mental health diseases
Knowledge and Attitude of Recovery-Oriented Services
The developmental trend in the field of mental health is recovery-oriented services, the cross-cultural applicability of which is often discussed; in addition, the individualism-collectivism tendency is an important concept in studying cross-cultural research. Although past studies do not point out the Intervening Variables of individualism-collectivism tendency and the knowledge and attitude of recovery-oriented services, the stigma of mental health diseases has always been an important variable in the field of mental health. It affects the attitudes of service providers, and even has a further impact on their identification of such knowledge. Wherein, mental health social workers is an important and rarely discussed group. Therefore, the research subjects of this study are Taiwan's mental health social workers. Online questionnaire is used to conduct this investigation on the exploration of the relationship between the cultural tendencies of mental health social workers, the stigma of mental health diseases and their knowledge of and attitude towards recovery-oriented services. The questionnaire contains three parts: the "Individualism-Collectivism Tendency Scale", "The Stigma of Mental Health Diseases Scale" and "The Knowledge and Attitude of Recovery-Oriented Services Scale". Factor analyses were conducted on the 83 returned questionnaires. The analytical structure of these factor analyses are about the same as past research, it is only that the differences in "The Knowledge and Attitude of Recovery-Oriented Services Scale" are a bit larger by comparison. But, the said simplified scale is highly correlated with the original complete scale, and the original factor structure is preserved in order to compare it with the existing empirical research. The overall questionnaire Cronbach's α values are .56, .82 and .69 respectively. SPSS statistical software is adopted, and the Descriptive Statistics, t Test, ANOVA, Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Analysis and hierarchical regression analysis methods are used to conduct data analysis on the specific topic in this research. Major findings in this research are as follows: 1. The cultural tendencies of mental health social workers lean more towards the "horizontal" trait, in which, the stigma of mental health diseases hinders marriage the most; overall, for Knowledge and Attitude of Recovery-Oriented Services, it trends between "not sure" and "agree", and leans towards "not sure". 2. The cultural tendencies of mental health social workers have no impact on the stigma of mental health diseases. 3. Concerning mental health social workers, the higher their vertical tendency in individualism and collectivism, the higher their knowledge of, and the better their attitude towards Recovery-Oriented Services. 4. For mental health social workers, the stigma of mental health diseases plays an intermediary role between the Individualism-Collectivism Tendency and the Knowledge and Attitude of Recovery-Oriented Services. Lastly, this study makes the following recommendations, based on the research findings: that with the introduction of relevant courses about mental health diseases, the mental health social workers' understanding of mental health diseases may be improved, and their stigma towards mental health diseases may be reduced. In addition, with the use of strength-based training pertaining to recovery services, their knowledge of, and attitude towards recovery-oriented services may also be improved.
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