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Title: 族群歧視、文化認同與新住民之國中在學子女的生活適應研究:以嘉義縣五個鄉鎮市為例
Ethnic Discrimination, Cultural Identity and Life Adjustment among New Immigrant Adolescents in Junior High School: The Example of Five Townships in Chiayi County
Authors: 陳杏容
Chen, Hsing-Jung
Li, Ciou-Juan
Keywords: 新住民子女
New immigrant adolescents
Ethnic discrimination
Cultural identity
Life adjustment
Issue Date: 2016
Abstract: 本研究主要在探討族群歧視(包括最近的歧視經驗、歧視壓力感受)、文化認同對新住民子女生活適應的影響情形。此外,由於國內較少有同時檢視族群歧視與文化認同的復原力研究,因此,為了解新住民子女的文化認同是否具有復原力的補償效果,本研究乃著重於族群歧視、文化認同皆存在的狀況下,新住民子女的文化認同對生活適應是否能發揮直接的正向影響力。本研究以嘉義縣五個鄉鎮市中,就讀國中階段的新住民子女為對象,最後分析的有效樣本共345位。此外,本研究所使用的問卷有先經過專家效度、Cronbach's α與再測信度的檢驗,而調查所得之資料則使用統計軟體SPSS 22.0版,進行描述統計、獨立樣本t檢定、單因子變異數分析、皮爾森積差相關分析和多元迴歸分析,結果發現: 1.將近三成左右的新住民子女最近一年曾有過族群歧視的經驗,其中相對較多的是學校與同儕類型的歧視經驗,包含被「老師」、「同學」、「朋友」不公平對待,「被取種族歧視意味的名字」,「被嘲笑、捉弄或傷害威脅」,以及「為了發生在自己或其他新住民子女身上的種族歧視而爭吵或打架」的情況。 2.新住民子女的歧視壓力感受主要是由學校與同儕類型的歧視情境所造成。其中,輕微的歧視壓力大多發生在被「老師」、「同學」、「朋友」不公平對待的情況下,中等(含)以上的歧視壓力主要是因為「被取種族歧視意味的名字」,「被嘲笑、捉弄或傷害威脅」的情況而產生。 3.新住民子女的文化認同情形良好,其中以「文化統合」的表現最好,其次為「文化歸屬」,「文化投入」則相對最低,都具有中等以上程度。 4.新住民子女的生活適應表現良好,其中以「同儕適應」的表現最好,「家庭適應」與「個人適應」次佳,「學校適應」的表現相對最低,都有達到中等以上程度。 5.最近的歧視經驗會顯著負向影響新住民子女的整體生活適應、學校適應與同儕適應狀況。 6.新住民子女的歧視壓力感受會明顯負向影響整體生活適應、個人適應、家庭適應、學校適應與同儕適應的狀況。 7.當最近的歧視經驗與歧視壓力感受存在時,新住民子女的文化認同能夠正向影響整體生活適應、家庭適應與學校適應的狀況,表示文化認同具有復原力的補償效果。 最後,研究者將根據本研究結果提出建議,期望能提供服務方向與實務建議給學校、政府相關單位、社會福利機構、社工與家長作為參考。
The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of ethnic discrimination (including recent discrimination and appraised discrimination) and cultural identity on new immigrant adolescents’ life adjustment. However, few resilience studies have simultaneously examined the effects of ethnic discrimination and cultural identity in Taiwan. It is important to find out whether new immigrant adolescents’ cultural identity includes compensatory effects. Therefore, this study discusses whether new immigrant adolescents’ cultural identity could have a direct and positive influence on their life adjustment when ethnic discrimination and cultural identity are simultaneously present. The participants of this study were new immigrant adolescents at junior high schools in five townships in Chiayi County. A total of 345 valid samples were analyzed. Furthermore, the instruments used in this study were evaluated according to expert validity, Cronbach's α and test-retest reliability. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, independent sample t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson product moment correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. The results were as follows: 1.Nearly thirty percent of new immigrant adolescents experienced ethnic discrimination in the last year. These adolescents’ experiences of ethnic discrimination were mainly related to the school and peer levels, such as being treated unfairly by “teachers”, “classmates” and “friends”, as well as “being called a racist name”, “being made fun of or threatened with harm” and “getting into an argument or a fight about something racist that was done to you or done to other new immigrant adolescents.” 2.New immigrant adolescents’ stress due to discrimination (appraised discrimination) mainly resulted from the school and peer contexts. Moreover, minor stress from discrimination resulted from being treated unfairly by “teachers”, “classmates” and “friends.” Medium to severe stress due to discrimination was caused by “being called a racist name” and “being made fun of or threatened with harm.” 3.New immigrant adolescents’ cultural identity was above average. Among all aspects of cultural identity, “cultural integration” was the highest, followed by “cultural belonging”, and “cultural involvement” was the lowest. 4.New immigrant adolescents’ life adjustment was above average. Among all aspects of life adjustment, “peer adjustment” was the highest, followed by “family adjustment” and “personal adjustment”, and “school adjustment” was the lowest. 5.Recent discrimination significantly and negatively influenced new immigrant adolescents’ overall life adjustment, school adjustment and peer adjustment. 6.Appraised discrimination had a significantly negative effect on new immigrant adolescents’ overall life adjustment, personal adjustment, family adjustment, school adjustment and peer adjustment. 7.When recent discrimination and appraised discrimination were present, new immigrant adolescents’ cultural identity made a positive impact on their overall life adjustment, family adjustment and school adjustment. In other words, new immigrant adolescents’ cultural identity had a compensatory effect. Lastly, according to the results, some suggestions were proposed for schools, competent government authorities, social welfare organizations, social workers and parents.
Other Identifiers: G060238003F
Appears in Collections:學位論文

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