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A Study on Economic Violence of Women Experiencing Domestic Violence: Social Workers’ Perspectives
Economic violence occurs in daily life of battered women. Husbands use three means – economic control, economic exploitation, and work interference to hinder women from obtaining or consuming economic resources and force most of the battered women to live a life of economic hardship and need the assistance of economic resources. However, at present, there are only a few academic studies in Taiwan investigating the issue of economic violence. Workers’ perspective towards economic violence and intervention experiences are worthy of in-depth investigation. It is hoped that this study can raise wider attention to economic violence and its intervention. This study enrolled social workers engaging in marital violence prevention as the research subjects, and used in-depth interviews to interview 12 workers. This study found that economic violence is established based upon patriarchy, and women’s family system and patriarchy jointly trap women in a violent environment. The intervention model of economic violence is divided into abstract and practical operation levels. Abstract level refers to workers’ influence on women’s value and guidance to help women to perceive economic violence and discover personal strengths. Practical operation level refers to workers’ specific strategies helping women obtain stable economic status, including the invention model aiming to maintain safety of women and that of economic empowerment. The former is workers’ assessment on women’s economic and living needs and provision of assistance in the aspects of housing, employment, and laws. The latter emphasizes personal empowerment, as well as workers’ enhancement of women’s financial capability to stabilize economic life. According to the research results, this study proposed the following suggestion: workers are advised to learn financial knowledge, develop educational training for intervention of economic violence, put gender equality education into practice, and make public daycare resources popular and flexible.
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