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Title: 社會工作者復原力與生命復元經驗—以經歷經濟匱乏者為例
Resilience and Recovery of Social Workers - A Study of Social Workers with Financial Distress Experiences
Authors: 王永慈
Ke, Ya-Chun
Keywords: 貧窮經驗
Poverty experiences
Issue Date: 2018
Abstract: 「復元」是不斷的往前走,往正向邁進,並在這樣的過程中找出主體、自我認同及自我價值。「復原力」乃是個人發展歷程中逐漸成熟的內在能力,它也是一種復元過程的助力,達到協助個人在創傷中獲得療癒,維持身心、社會和靈性的完整性。 惟當個人面臨困境和低潮才能啟發本身所具有的復原力並邁向正向復元,然而這樣的復元力量又是如何透過受助者轉換助人者的工作角色,藉此延續下去致使更多人受惠,並從中激盪出社會工作者助人工作角色中價值與意義。 本研究以7位曾經有過貧困經驗之社會工作者為研究對象,去探討個人過去的貧困生命經驗中復原力對他們的影響,並加以瞭解這些影響是否致使其日後選擇成為一位社會工作者,再從這些受訪者對於過往的詮釋中找尋他們所追尋的助人角色與價值為何。 研究發現這些受訪社會工作者對於過去貧困經驗的負面影響較少,源自於他們本身有極佳的優勢資源,如:家庭、政府與基金會補助及個人本身特質。另外,針對這些曾為受助者受訪者而言,會成為一位的社會工作者主要來自於本身家庭環境與所受的受助經驗,一來因為有過這些受助經驗便與同樣的助人者有所接觸,二來則是對於社工工作與自己本身背景相像而選擇成為社工。最後這些受訪對象在成為社會工作者後對過往的受助經驗都有所再詮釋,過去的貧困經驗對他們來說並不在只是個「限制」,反倒視為個人重要的「生命歷程」,這也是這些受訪者其中「復元」的展現。 希冀透過這些受訪者個人經驗可以讓現行的社會工作實務者思考本身助人角色意義與價值,藉以在服務的處遇中提供更適切工作模式以達到雙向復元的助人精神。
“Recovery” is the act of constantly moving forward in a positive direction, and during this process finding purpose, self-identity and self-worth. "Resilience” is the inherent ability to mature in the course of personal development. It also is a type of help in the recovery process. It assists individuals to heal after trauma and maintain mind, body, social and spiritual integrity. Only when individuals face difficulties and low tide times in life, can they inspire their own resilience and move towards positive recovery. However, how does this transform the job role of the helper through the recipient? By continuing this, more people will benefit,as well as giving more value and meaning to the work roles of social workers to assist people. This study is based on seven social workers who have experienced impoverishment, to explore the impact of resilience on their past indigent life experiences, and to understand whether these effects lead to their choice to become a social worker. From these interviewees’ interpretations of the past, help find the purpose and value they seek. The study found that these interviewed social workers experienced less negative impact from past poverty experiences, derived from their own superior resources, such as: family, government and foundation subsidies as well as personal qualities. In addition, for these once recipient respondents, becoming a social worker mainly stems from their own family environment and theexperience they have received. Firstly, as they have the same experience as the recipients, they have contact with the same helpers. Secondly, they chose to become a social worker due to similarities to own background. Finally, for these respondents, becoming social workers has aided the re-interpretation of their past experiences, which are no longer just a "restriction" for them. On the contrary, it is regarded as an important individual "life journey". This is also how "recovery" is expressed among these respondents. Through these personal experiences of these interviewees, it is hoped that current social work practitioners will reflect upon the meaning and value of their own roles, so as to provide a more appropriate working mode in this service and achieve bi-directional recovery spirit.
Other Identifiers: G060138004F
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