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German Foreign Cultural Policy and its Practices in Taiwan - take Goethe Institut Taipei as the example
German Foreign Cultural Policy
Foreign cultural policy (Auswärtige Kulturpolitk) is seemed to be”the third pillar” of German foreign policy. After WWII, Germany was separated into two parts and occupied by the allied forces. The goal of German foreign cultural policy at that time was to reconnect with the western countries and rebuild the broken reputation at the international stage. With the effective governmental system, rapidly growing economy and well-arranged domestic policies, Germany got recovery from the illness the wars brought within few decades. Since 1970s, the role of Germany at the international stage has indeed transformed into the leading country of the whole world. On account of the new role of Germany, the brand-new goals of its foreign cultural policy were also set. The new goals now focus on: keeping peace, preventing conflicts, enhancing human rights, pushing international cooperation and maintaining partnership between different countries. German government believes that through foreign cultural policy can achieve in the above goals. Goethe Institute, as the most important overseas cultural organization, taking the responsibilities to spread German and German culture through the different cultural program arrangements in other countries. Until today, Goethe Institute is seemed to be one of the most successful overseas cultural institution all over the world. In this dissertation, the author will examine the background, the framework and the executive structure of German foreign cultural policy. Except that, the author will also collect the first-hand information about the practices of Goethe Institute in Taiwan by interviewing the key figures of Goethe Institute as the main contribution of the paper.
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