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The Learning perspective of YuKichi Fukuzawa's Gakumon-no-susume and Zhang Zhidong's Quanxuepian
In the mid-nineteenth century, Western Ideology was gradually evolving. During the Meiji period in Japan, YuKichi Fukuzawa(1834-1901) published the chapter of " Gakumon-no-susume" from 1872 to 1876 to promote practical learning. Coincidentally, Zhang Zhidong(1837-1909) of the Late-Qing Dynasty in China published the book " Quanxuepian" in 1898, proposing the use of Chinese and Western Ideology. They are representative and influential intellectual of the country. Two books also discusse how to communicate with Western Ideology. Both YuKichi Fukuzawa and Zhang Zhidong believe that learning must advance with the times, incorporate Western learning into the national academic system, pay attention to the practicality of learning, and expect intellectuals to become the promoters of civilization. Due to the national background and personal experience, the two have different priorities and scoping in Chinese and Western Ideology. Zhang Zhidong focuses on the reality and guides social progress in accordance with the current situation in the country. YuKichi Fukuzawa prefers to practice in theory, to guide Japanese nationals in the current situation in the West. However, the ultimate goal of both of them is to hope to preserve national power and protect the country from intrusion. Unexpectedly, in the future, China and Japan have embarked on the road of intertwined with the ideals of the two. Therefore, this thesis attempts to analyze the ideal type of modern chemistry structure proposed by YuKichi Fukuzawa and Zhang Zhidong in the face of similar national predicaments, and presents the two people to reform their academic ideas in response to the needs of the times. The interactive appearance of the power structure.
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