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Title: 論兩岸直航對提昇台灣競爭力之影響-1998年至2004年
The discussion of the impact of Direct Cross-strait Transportation on enhancement Taiwan competition-1998~2004
Authors: 黃城
Keywords: 國家競爭力
country competitive ability
competitive indicator
the relation of the cross-strait transportation
Issue Date: 2005
Abstract: 隨著社會環境變遷,經濟自由化、國際化的趨勢,近年來我國各部門均以提昇國際競爭力為施政前提,無論是政府或產業界也已體認提昇國際競爭力對台灣未來經濟發展的決定性。因此,對於瞭解決定國際競爭力的因素,將有助於政府或產業界對現況的認知與未來政策的改進。 國家競爭力與兩岸直航的關係,涉及的層面與問題甚廣,諸如人口、教育、經濟、政治、社會、財政及統計、工程與科技等等,本研究首先從論文的主題結構來分析:歷史形成的兩岸現狀(變項),直航、非直航或拒絕通航(影響)國家競爭力等面項;其次概念定義:何謂國家競爭力?有哪些觀察指標?何謂直航、非直航?並舉實際案例切入比較研究:引述其他國家,特別是類似兩岸關係的,從競爭封閉到交流開放而影響政經發展的例子。歷史研究:找出歷史上台灣與中國大陸間經貿往來的論述。再歸納,印證理論:將專家學者談到通航對一國經濟政治等之影響的理論做出論述並綜合整理出來,以形成理論的共同看法。   兩岸直航問題複雜牽涉到:歷史背景概述、兩岸經濟政治等現狀、統或獨?未來方向的分歧,導致雙方對通航政策的差異。有關直航或非直航對台灣國家競爭力的分析,專家學者等研究論述的整理,各種通航政策做法影響到國家之競爭力結果,依指標詳細分析評估正負影響,並羅列數據性資料。 世界經濟論壇(WEF)2004年10月13日發表「2004-2005年全球競爭力報告」,台灣在象徵未來中長期經濟成長前景的「成長競爭力」(GCI)名列全球第4名,是亞洲表現最佳的經濟體,台灣名列前茅主要是因為在科技領域的亮麗表現(排名全球第2名,僅次於美國),評比結果顯示台灣在2003年總體經濟的表現及科技實力是2004年評比進步的主要原因,這代表國際相關機構對台灣的肯定,也證明台灣最近「拼經濟」的成效逐步展現,未來台灣仍應繼續追求卓越的生活品質和經濟發展,以保持民眾對政府有信心。 本研究旨在上述相關議題方面就政府及兩岸專家學者的意見綜述分析研究,個人從理論的角度對直航政策的看法,並針對國家競爭力分析,試圖提出須加強之部分,作為提供政府及後續研究者之參考。
Along with the rapid social and environmental changes, and the tendency of the economical liberalization and of the internalization, how to enhance our country competitive ability in the world has become the top priority of our government. Both the government and all industries realize promoting the country competitive ability plays an important role in the economic growth. Therefore, knowing what factor influences the international competitive ability will help a lot not only in the present but also in the future. The relationship between the country competitive ability and direct cross-strait transportation is involved in many issues, such as population, education, economy, politics, society, finance and statistics, engineering, science, technology and so on. This thesis focuses first on the structure of the theme: the history that forms the present situation of Taiwan and Mainland Chinaà (variable)straight flight, or non-straight flight or resistà(influence) the country competitive ability and other related aspects. Next, I will define certain notions: 1. What does the country competitive ability? What are the pointers that we can rely on? 2. What do straight flight and non-straight flight mean? To begin with, the comparison research: I’ll give some similar examples happening in other countries. Then, historical research: I’ll take a look at some historical documents about trades between Taiwan and Mainland China. The problems involved with direct cross-strait transportation are firstly the historical background, secondly the present economical and political situations on cross-strait, and thirdly to be united or to be independent, either of which will lead to the different policies towards direct transportation. In the article “Global Competition Report from 2004-2005” published in the World Economics Forum(WEF) on October 13, 2004 , Taiwan’s prospect in the future long-term economical growth (GCI) was listed no. 4, the best among all Asian countries. Taiwan, next best to America, is mainly because of our excellence in technology ( numbered second, next best to America). The evaluation shows that the progress in 2004 resulted from the overall economic performance and the outstanding efforts in technology in 2003. This means international institutions compliment on Taiwan’s development, and Taiwan has really been making great progress in economy. As long as we can keep going towards this direction, the public will have great confidence in the government. This research is an analysis of the experts’ ideas about the above issues on the both banks, offers some viewpoints from the theoretical angle, and analyzes the country competitive ability, attempting to provide a reference for the government and researchers.
Other Identifiers: N2005000074
Appears in Collections:學位論文

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