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The Rebuilding Efforts after August 8 Flood from the Perspective of Multi-level Urban Governance
Multi-level urban governance
August 8 flood
Typhoon Morakot in 2009 has brought Taiwan not only home wreckage and psychological trauma, but also the reflection on how to help disaster-stricken people to rebuild homes and curb the reoccurrence of the similar disasters, which is more significant. The rebuilding process is the road to hope with complicated difficulties. In the past year, we witness the whole society’s efforts, including the central government, local government, common citizens. Accordingly, based on the urban, this research on “the Rebuilding Efforts after August 8 Flood from the Perspective of Multi-level Urban Governance” is to explore the rebuilding efforts of stakeholders after disaster. The paper’s hypothesis is “under the multi-level urban governance structure, how to implement administration through governance models? What is the status quo of the real governance in the case of August 8 Flood?” The government’s rebuilding efforts after August 8 is chosen for the case; qualitative analysis and content analysis methods are utilized combined with the soft of NVivo8. The findings are as follows: the stakeholders include government, NPOs (mainly charity funds) and villagers. For the relief and rebuilding, the government acts the leading role in the rebuilding work, supported by NPOs. However, the study discovers citizens are disappointed with government’s rebuilding efforts, thus altering to self-rescue for the governance. Furthermore, the supplementary NPOs sometimes become the rebuilding’s leading role and create conflicts with citizens. Under this circumstance, government does not have the quick and proper actions, leading to the delay of rebuilding progress and the dilemma of role misallocation of various stakeholders. Therefore, the post-disaster rebuilding should be based on the subject consciousness of villagers, that is to say, the rebuilding work should be undertaken villager-centered. 【Keywords】Multi-level urban governance, August 8 flood, NVivo 8.
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