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The Political Economy of Teacher Education Policies in Taiwan（1945-2011）
The development of teacher education system for senior high school level or below has been passed through the martial law era and the repeal of the martial law period, and it had significant differences under authoritarian and democratic political regimes. By the influences of the rapid developments of politics and economy, normal education was gradually democratized and liberalized even under the implementing of Normal Education Law in the late period of martial law era. After repeal of martial law, the teacher education did not transit to true diversified and liberalized operation immediately since the Normal Education Law were still working. Before repeal of the martial law, the political interference surpassed market mechanism operation, and offered infinite space and opportunity for forming political consciousness in teacher education. After repeal of the martial law and the announcement of the Teacher Education Law in 1994, an opening teacher education policy flourished at beginning period. After running for more than ten years, the teacher education policy had faced the bottleneck now. The government had not proposed any breakthrough solution except decreasing the teacher education quantity. The purposes of this study are to analyze the historical changes of the teacher education policies and systems, and by the discussing of the related theories and viewpoints of teacher education, this study discovered that Taiwan teacher education policies and systems are related to political and economical environment. According to above relatedness, this study tried to construct the teacher education pattern, including present system's partial transformation, specialized orientation pattern construction, diploma orientation pattern construction.
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