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The Operation of Parliamentary Party Caucus between Unified Government& Divided Government：Party Alternation in Taiwan,2000-2012
997 Constitution as amended Article 55 of the Constitution provides that "the president of the Executive Yuan, nominated by the President of the Legislative Yuan agreed to the appointment." Cease to apply, with direct presidential elections to be changed to "the president of the Executive Yuan appointed by the president" is not to be appointed by the consent of the Legislative Yuan, the Legislative Yuan, the majority party belongs not necessarily to serve as president of the Executive Yuan, appointed by the President to serve as president of the Executive Yuan. After a constitutional change caused by the political parties in power in 2000, the Democratic Progressive Party in the Legislative Yuan is one of the few, but may be appointed by the Executive Yuan, the situation of divided government in eight years, the ruling Democratic Progressive Party in the Legislative Yuan has not been able to get more than half of the seats, the congressional caucus operation in a very difficult situation, again alternation of political parties until 2008, the KMT won the presidential election and the appointment of party person as president of the Executive Yuan, and has more than half of the seats in the Legislative Yuan, and consistent with the government's situation congressional caucus operation into another situation. Democratic politics "subordinate to the majority, respect for minorities" is a very important principle, the number of seats in Congress on behalf of the strength of the political parties in the bill dispute, the majority party through a vote of a majority of support in order to carry out their will, but also via negotiation few show respect, to reduce the antagonism and struggle between political parties and parliamentarian smoothly congressional caucus operation would have received increasing attention. Legislative Yuan of procedure to resolve disputes of the legislative review process through caucus functioning can shorten the lengthy proceedings and reduce non-essential to the ruling and opposition parties protest of the rules of procedure, enhance the performance of legislative rules of procedure, the legal text, budget deliberations and proceedings proceeded smoothly; relative also have been a small number of people or groups manipulation and boycott by paralysis of procedure carried out or obstruct bill. The study was designed on the roles and functions of the theory of the unified government and divided government, the political parties construct "party competition of political parties in power (2000-2012), the mode of analysis" and "Our congressional caucus in the operation of the unified government and divided government decisions "and other aspects of inquiry, analysis and research, more democratic and advanced countries on caucus works, and compare the Legislative Yuan caucus of organizational rules, and cite examples of the operation of the legislative caucus Also with in-depth interviews with stakeholders to understand the caucus consultation system ideal mechanism design and construction of competition and cooperation operation of the congressional caucus of congressional caucus works under a unified government and divided government has a clear findings, and results for public reference.
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