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The Study of the Relation between Interpellation and Facebook Management of 8th Legislative Yuan Members
This paper has significance of continuation, extension and exploration. In continuation part, it follows the research on the factors influencing legislators’ representative behavior in Taiwan conducted by predecessors,to take analytical structure of inquiry made by relative legislators in the meeting of legislative Yuan, so that it makes further validation and analysis under different time backgrounds and systems. In extension part, inspired by the U.S. presidential election candidates who successfully made sensation by using Facebook in 2008, Taiwan’s legislators perform actively on joining and managing community websites. Moreover, the study attempts to analyze the correlated factors of legislators managing Facebook. Finally, in exploration part, the study adopts the TFIDF method of text classification technique experimentally, with the combination of the legislator inquiry behavior and the Facebook business behavior, to explore its influencing factors. It is found from the study results that the influencing factors of the inquiry behavior analyzed by predecessors have been not enough to explain inquiry behavior modes of the legislators in the eighth term during the first and the second sessions. It is also found that the more senior legislators who have not been appointed as the committee chairperson and regional legislators who had little vote gap with their main rivals in the last election have more inquiries. In the aspect of Facebook operation behavior of legislators, the influencing factors vary with different levels of Facebook operation behaviors. The factors which continue its influence in different levels include: political party, nature of representative, education level, age and gender. Finally, in the aspect of factors combining the Facebook operation behavior of legislators and its inquiry behavior, it is the most significant factor whether they are appointed as committee chairperson. While regarding looser authentication, the vote gap between the regional legislators and their main rivals in the last election also shows significant influence. Through this study, it can not only make us know about inquiry behavior and Facebook operation behavior of the legislators in the eighth term, as well as the influencing factors of legislators’ inquiry behavior transferred via Facebook, but also provide embodiments of using automatic text classification in political research field for researchers in the future.
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