Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/85587
Title: 教科書開放政策下國中公民科教師專業知能需求之研究- 以宜蘭縣為例
The demands of professional knowledge for civic teachers in junior high school of Yi-Lan in the textbook open-up policy
Authors: 鄧毓浩
簡羽均
Chien, Yu-Chun
Keywords: 教科書開放政策
九年一貫課程
公民教育
教師專業知能
需求
the Textbook Open-up Policy
Nine-year Compulsory Curriculum
Civic Education
Professional Knowledge of Teacher
Demands
Issue Date: 2008
Abstract: 本研究旨在探討教科書開放政策下宜蘭縣國中公民科教師專業知能之需求,本研究之研究目的有五:ㄧ、探知教科書開放政策下對於國中公民科教材內容之影響。二、探究教科書開放政策下宜蘭縣國中公民科教師教學之現況。三、探討教科書開放政策下宜蘭縣國中公民科教師專業知能之需求。四、探求教科書開放政策下影響宜蘭縣國中公民科教師教學之因素。五、歸納研究之發現,並針對宜蘭縣公民科教師專業知能需求提供建議。研究方法主要採文獻探討法與問卷調查法,以宜蘭縣立公立國民中學公民科教師為研究對象進行普查,共發出91 份問卷,有效回收87 份,有效回收率達93.4 %。主要研究工具為:研究者自編之『教科書開放政策下宜蘭縣國中公民科教師專業知能需求調查問卷』。問卷所得資料輸入電腦,以電腦統計軟體SPSS12.0 進行統計分析,包括次數分配、平均數、標準差、單因子變異數分析等統計方法,加以處理;並將問卷填答結果加以分析。 本研究得到以下結論:一、於教材內容部分:發現(一)新教材的難度加深,專業性增強;(二)教師需具備轉化能力指標成課程內容的能力;(三)非專業教師合科教學的困境。二、於公民科教師專業知能部分:應分為(一)公民教育理念、(二)公民專門知識與(三)公民教學知能三項。三、於教師專業知能之需求部分:整體而言,宜蘭縣國中公民科任教教師對於教師專業知能呈現中上程度的需求。四、就不同個人背景變項而言:(一)不同教育程度,對於『活動示例』有著顯著的不同需求、(二)不同服務年資,對『全球化的意義與影響』與『科技與環境議題的內涵』與『角色扮演法』,具有顯著差異 、(三)不同教授公民年資,對於『教師專業不足』的意見有著顯著差異、(四)不同教學專長領域,在『助益最小的進修活動』及『教師專業不足』上有顯著的不同意見、(五)不同進修次數,在『助益最小的進修活動』及『教學內容不適當』上有顯著的不同意見、(六)不同服務學校規模,在『經濟組織』與『欠缺補充教材』上有顯著不同意見。五、就公民科教學的相關意見上發現:(一)自我研究進修助益最大、校內辦理之研習活動助益最小(二)教學現場的最大困難點是『授課時數不足』(三)教師手冊最應加強的是:『活動示例』、『名詞釋義』及『參考資料』。 根據以上結論,本研究提出以下建議:一、建議教育行政機關:(一)設置公民教育專門研究與諮詢機構、(二)發行定期的公民教育專業刊物、(三)訂定公民教師專業知能的標準、(四)鼓勵並增加教師進修機會。二、建議師資培育學校:(一)針對九年一貫新課程內容及教學法再予加強,讓新教師未來在校內可扮演讓知識向下生根的角色(二)可以E化平台,強化回流教育。三、建議校方:(一)增加公民科教學時數、(二)聘任專業教師、(三)強化校內研習。四、建議國中教師,主動參與研習或學位進修。五、建議出版商編輯實用的教師手冊。六、對進一步研究之建議:分別在研究對象、研究變項、研究內容與研究方法上提出未來進一步研究之參考。
Abstract The purposes of this research were to discuss the demands of professional knowledge for civic teachers in junior high school of Yi-Lan in the textbook open-up policy. There are five goals in the research:(1) to explore the effect of the civic teaching materials of junior high school in the textbook open-up policy.(2) to discuss the current situation of the civic teachers in junior high school of Yi-Lan in the textbook open-up policy.(3) to investigate the demands of professional knowledge for civic teachers in junior high school of Yi-Lan in the textbook open-up policy.(4) to seek for the factors of teaching for civic teachers in junior high school of Yi-Lan.(5) to sum up the detects of the research and provide the advises for the civic teacher in junior high school of Yi-Lan. This research adapted literature review method and questionnaire survey method. The questionnaire was developed to survey on all junior high civic teachers in Yi-Lan Country. There are totally 87 effective samples out of 91 questionnaires which are collect in the survey. The effective rate is 93.4%. The measure instrument is that In the Textbook Open-up Policy, Demands In Professional Knowledge Of Junior High Civic Teachers Survey. The obtained data was analyzed by frequency distribution, mean, standard deviation, one –way ANOVA. This study has proved the following conclusions: 1. Teaching:(1)The new teaching material become more difficult and more professional.(2)Teachers should have the ability to transform. (3)The non professional teacher faced the dilemma of teaching. 2. Professional knowledge:(1)Civic education ideas (2)Civic content Knowledge (3)Civic Pedagogical Content Knowledge 3. The demands of professional knowledge for civic teachers: as a whole, it shows a High-intermediate level in the demands of professional knowledge for civic teachers. 4. In individual part:(1)Different level of education showed different demands in sample activity.(2)Different years of experience have obvious distinctions in the meaning and effect of globalization, the issue of technology and environment and the cosplay method.(3)Different years of experience in civic teaching have different opinions on insufficient professional knowledge.(4)Different field have obvious opinions on insufficient professional knowledge and the most benefit less activities in refresher course.(5)Different times to go refresher course showed visible differences in the most benefit less activities in refresher course and inadequate content of course.(6)Different scales of the schools have obvious different opinions in economic agencies and lack supplementary teaching materials. 5. The find on pinions about teaching of civic:(1) the most benefit activity is to study by themselves and the less benefit activity is to go refresher courses in school.(2)The most difficulty in the classroom is that time of teaching was insufficient.(3)The most enhance of teacher’s manuals should be in sample activity, noun explain and reference material. According to the conclusion above, the follow suggestions were made for the interventions and further research in the future. 1. To advise the administrative organizations of education:(1)Set up a research center of civic education.(2)Publish a period of civic education.(3)Institute a standard of professional knowledge of civic teachers.(4)Encourage teachers and enhance the opportunities to go refresher courses. 2. To advise the teacher cultivating institution:(1)Strengthen the contents of Nine-year Compulsory Curriculum and pedagogy.(2)Set up a internet platform which can strengthen the recurrent education. 3. To advise the schools:(1)Increase more time on civic course.(2)Retain professional teacher.(3)Strengthen the research and study in school. 4. To advise the junior high teachers: participate in the research and study and the refresher course. 5. To advise the publisher to edit useful teacher’s manuals. 6. To advise for further research:Advance further research dividedly in the object of study, the contents of study and the method of study.
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http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/85587
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