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The Cross-strait Relations in Post ECFA Era
Kuo Chen Sung
Shih I Hsu
cross-strait civilian society
Since Ma Ying-jeou came into power, Taiwan and Mainland China have resumed negotiation of “Cross Strait, Two Conferences” under the premise of respecting and admitting “1992 consensus”, and signed “Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement” (ECFA) in June, 2010. Thus, the cross-strait relations have entered into a peacefully and stably developing new period which is hard to see since 1949. “Two conferences negotiation” has completed its historical phased mission; the signing of ECFA is a milestone in the cross-strait political relations. Under the circumstance that economic cooperation needs the support and protection of political power, the previous economic and transactional cross-strait trade exchanges have come to a conclusion and now enter into a preparatory and transitional stage in which political and substantial political interactions occur, that is entering into a stage “from economy to society”, “from society to politics”; this is a new stage, including the surpassing and revising of old age as well as the characteristic and challenge of new age, and there are both connections and changes between the two stages. This paper proposes the concept of “cross-strait governance” on the basis of “spherical nation theory” and “third constitution theory”, and regards it as the cross-strait political positioning in post ECFA Era. The achievements made by “Two conferences mode” as well as the formation of “third society” between Taiwan and Mainland China, have provided conditions for “cross-strait governance”. Both Taiwan and Mainland China should establish the new thinking and act of cross-strait comprehensive governance through the mechanism of mutual assistance, mutual trust and mutual dependence, and steadily carry out “civilian service” under the premise of “people oriented”, launch “risk governance” in case of the crisis, create a new peaceful situation without risk, which can not only serve the people both in Taiwan and Mainland China and construct a rational and peaceful “cross-strait civilian society ”, but also defuse the cross-strait crisis that may possibly happen in the future.
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