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Research on the relationship of central and local governments after the first alternation of political parties in Taiwan﹐Republic of China（2000-2008）
The alternation of political parties
the relationship of central and local governments
In 1999﹐Local Government Act and the Law Governing the Allocation of Government Revenue and Expenditures have passed, our local self-government has formally entered the era of the operation of rule by law. In the era of globalization, the local governments compute for much more local self-government and financial powers. In 2000, the alternation of political parties in ROC happened. President Chen Shui-bian distributed the conception of "partnership" to describe the relationship of central and local governments in his inaugural speech, and emphasized the need of breaking down the centralization of power and money in the past. He also emphasized the importance of the spirit of local autonomy: "If the local governments can do, the central ones do not." This essay attempts to explore the point of relationship of central t and local government after the evolution of eight years. This article first aims on the influences of external environment factors, including the globalization and political parties. As the wave of globalization leads to the decentralization of government, the role of local government will be crucial. Furthermore, the political party also plays another important role. When the leaders of central and local governments belong to different political parties, it leads to the state of "vertical divided government", and the policy statements between the central and local will be opposite. On the contrary, when the leaders of central and local government belong to the same political party, which means "vertical unified government", the government policy of each other will show the attitude of mutual cooperation. Then, we select the most three representative cases of central and local government to study the conflicts during 2000-2008, First﹐Taipei City Borough warden elections delayed is chosen as the local self-government case ; Second﹐The Health insurance subsidy in Taipei City and Kaohsiung City accumulated the debt are chosen as the financial powers case ; Third﹐Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall renamed event is chosen as the Political dispute case . Finally, this article discusses the key institutional factors: "money" and "rights", namely, "rights" - the Local Government Act and the "money" - the Law Governing the Allocation of Government Revenue and Expenditures; Additionally, this essay also explain the central and local government dispute handling mechanism to review the implement results of Local Government Act and the Law Governing the Allocation of Government Revenue and Expenditures . This article integrated two environmental factors, including globalization and political parties. Besides, the two institutional factors﹐including the Local Government Act and the Law Governing the Allocation of Government Revenue and Expenditures will also be discussed. Furthermore, this article studies the central and local government cases, trying to portray a more comprehensive concepts of the central and local relations after the alternation of ruling parties during 2000-2008, and we hope this paper can be the reference on the relations of central and local governments as a follow-up studies.
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