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The fourth nuclear power plant
. Y. Interpretation No. 520
Abstract This study was inspired by the absurd process of policy-making to halt the construction of the fourth nuclear power plant but yet to resume it soon after. Still, the fact that the highest decision maker having never been held politically or legally liable also greatly prompts me to deliberate upon the necessity of establishing certain accountability mechanism. A model constructed with game theory is utilized to expound the controversy over the fourth nuclear power plant. Suggestions to reform current accountability systems in our country are proposed after my research with the aim to prevent discrepancies between the administration and the legislation in major infrastructure projects; to reduce oppositions; and to install a confinement mechanism to be followed by both the administration and the legislation. The administration in our country tends to overtake the legislation, which has given rise to the severe and irreconcilable political oppositions and unrest between the administration and the legislation nowadays. The dispute of the fourth nuclear power plant has revealed obvious traces of seesaw struggle between the administration and the legislation. In such a situation that political ideology dominates professional knowledge, the success or failure of a policy hinges on the interaction between the administration and the legislation. Policy makers ought to be governed by state institutions so that they will not behave unscrupulously and political infighting and a ripped society can then be avoided. Whenever policy makers act stubbornly under ideological constraints, there should be certain accountability mechanism to check and balance their powers. The issue of whether or not to build the fourth nuclear power plant is not the theme of this paper, but we probe into the following topics instead: What should be the political liability on the head of government after such a policy was made to halt the construction of the fourth nuclear power plant but yet to resume it soon after simply based on political ideology disregarding state interests and violating the principle of administering according to law? Should the head of government be jointly held liable for economic losses due to illegal policy making? Will existing systems of deposition and impeachment function properly? How existing systems can be modified so that the authorities may scruple to deviate from mainstream opinion of people? Suggestions covering three aspects of reforms are proposed: The first is the reform of procedures of appointment of Justices of Constitutional Court, Judicial Yuan. The second is to establish a compensation system to state politics. The third is to resume Legislative Yuan's power of advise and consent in the appointment of Premier. It is anticipated that such reforms can be of reference to rectifying political unrest in our country so that political systems ensuring long term peace and stability can be established.
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