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Title: 開放陸資來台投資對國內旅遊產業影響研究
Research the Impact of mainland capital inflow towards domestic tourism industry.
Authors: 范世平
Shih-Ping Fan
Chen-Te Huang
Keywords: 走出去
going global
tourism trade deficit
mainland capital
foreign investment
Issue Date: 2015
Abstract: 大陸公民出境旅遊與旅遊產業對外投資為「走出去」戰略之一環,出境旅遊自2000年起已陸續開放,出境量與消費額逐年提高,陸客已為旅遊目的地國家GDP代名詞,各國競相爭取,亞洲地區以港澳、韓國、臺灣與日本最大量。為掌握旅遊人口紅利與發揮旅遊服務外交目的,大陸採客源相隨方式結合投資,於主要陸客旅遊國家設立旅行業務機構,投資飯店與景點旅遊區等。因開放走出去政策與人均收入提高,出境客源成近年已躍居世界之最,導致向為旅遊引進外匯之國家,2011年反轉成為旅遊出超國,更加速大陸政策支援國有企業跨境投資旅遊產業。 政府自2008年起開放大陸公民來台旅遊,2009年起開放陸資來台投資,開啟兩岸人員資金雙向投資紀元。陸客量與帶進外匯額度近年已占國內入境旅客四成,並持續上升中,幫助國內旅遊產業發展;旅行社自經營出境陸續轉型入境,飯店旅館量快速成長,附屬之購物店與名特產店也快速增加。2009年下半年起政府為實現兩岸雙向投資、引進經濟活水,制頒來台投資許可辦法等,分階段陸續開放陸資來台投資,然陸客來台主要產業載體如旅行社與一般飯店等,均未開放陸資進入。兩岸服貿協議雖列開放大陸旅行社來台經營,然「318學運」後,因監督條例等未立法完成,陸資正式投資國內旅遊產業也遙遙無期。 陸客來台開放迄2014年量已超過千萬,並逐年管制成長中;陸客來台旅遊利益龐大商機雖受政策限制排除,陸資仍透過不同交易管道進行代理、入股、收購或資產移轉等,以達產業利益控制、市場壟斷,進而依存傾斜,掏空產業與斷鏈。大陸出境旅遊僅兩岸為唯一僅存旅遊順差地區,陸資來台投入旅遊產業更有縮減大陸旅遊貿易逆差效果。陸資在商以服務政治為目的,依據對台策略與寄希望於臺灣人民手段,同時培養內部親中團體勢力,裨影響政策制定與執行,然其對台企圖及以經促政手段目標亦引起國人讓利付出代價恐慌與逢中必反情結。 本研究自外人來台投資出發,探討陸資來台對國內旅遊產業影響,並自新自由主義、建構主義與交易理論視角評估;為補遺漏不足,內容輔以質性專業人士訪問,裨益完整,然陸資議題諸多面向未現,待日後持續鑽研。
Mainland citizens outbound tourism and tourist industries foreign investment are parts of going global strategy of international expansions.Oversea tourism has been gradually lift restrictions from 2000,outbound travel and consumption amounts increase over the years in Mainland. Mainland outgoingpassengers have becomed synonym of GDP and caused competing in those country of destinations, Asia especially in Hong Kong and Macao , South Korea, Taiwan and Japan held the maximum amounts of travelling market. In order to control contributions of population dividend and play services to foreign affairs,Chinese government manipulates tourist follow combination of investment strategy , established travel agencies , invested hotels and tourist spots in most chinese departing passengers market. Because of going global policy and populations GDP increase, Chinese outbound tourists possess the most proportion in the world ,but tourism trade surplus reverses into deficit from 2011,at the same time government accelerates tourism industry cross-border investments by policy support among state-owned industries. Our government lift restrictions of mainlanders to Taiwan from 2008 and mainland industries investment from 2009,starting two-ways exchange and investment era involves personnels and funds. Mainlanders brings foreign exchange quotas account for 40 percent to inbound tourists in taiwan,and sustain rising.From this time on,domestic agencies start deal in inbound tourists from outbound,hotels are growing rapidly,the same as boutique and souvenir shops. Because of agencies and hotels investing are still forbidded toward Chinese,capital inflow into Taiwan is remain limited.Under the supervision regulations of mainland capital is still unenacted and the impacts of 318 movement,more open for mainland capital investing to domestic tourist seems to a little far away.Owing to mainland travelers to Taiwan have exceeded thousands from 2008 to 2014 and bought lots of interests,mainland enterprises manipulate varieties of transaction to get into domestic tourist market investment ,in order to interests control, market monopolizing and increasing interdependence. Tourism surplus exist only in cross-strait among Chinese oversea tourism market,therefore,Chinese investment to Taiwan reach more exampleimplication of decrement of travel trade deficit.The essence of mainland state-owned enterprise is for the purpose of political service. According to mainland-Taiwan strategy and in the hope that the people of Taiwan measure,mainland state-owned enterprise coming to Taiwan is to foster power of pro-China inside so as to influence of policy formulation and implementation.Nevertheless, its attempts toward and economy promoting political measures have caused panic of profits bestowal cost and complex of rebound to China factors. This dissertation probe into the impact of mainland capital inflow to domestic tourist industry base on the theory of foreign direct investment,as well as view from neoliberalism ,constructivism and bargaining theory. For supplement insufficient,expert interviews being used as an auxiliary way.However,issues of mainland foreign investment still has lots of remains uncover,expccted to study.
Other Identifiers: G0898360010
Appears in Collections:學位論文

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