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The Research of Organization Restructuring of the Executive Yuan -from the Perspective of Historical Institutionalism
This paper adopts the research approach of “historical institutionalism” to review the path of organizational restructuring of the Executive Yuan since the relocation of the government in 1949 to Taiwan. It also utilizes related theories of organizational change to discuss the achievements and crises of the Executive Yuan. This paper divides the organizational restructuring of the Executive Yuan into three stages. The first stage was from 1949 to 1986. The initial concerns of that stage included military establishment and war preparation, without making changes to the framework of “Eight Ministries and Two Commissions”. It was not until the amendment of the Provisional Amendment for the Period of Mobilization of the Suppression of the Communist Rebellion in 1966, empowering the President to adjust central administrative organs, did a number of committees were established to meet the needs of national development. On the other hand, it led to problems of organizational expansion, functional redundancy, poor communication, and ambiguity in the definitions and names of organs. The second stage was from 1987 to 1996. At this stage, the public's political participation increased and consciousness for Taiwan entity was on the rise, so that the Executive Yuan could modify the organizational structure based on the actual needs of the country. However, under the chaos of the constitutional reform, the modification of the Organizational Act of the Executive Yuan remained uncompleted. As a result, more committees were established to respond to societal needs. The third stage was from 1996 to the present. The resolution of the “Downsizing the Taiwan Provincial Government” by the National Development Council in 1996 made the restructuring the organization and personnel of the Executive Yuan an imminent task. At this point, the organizational transformation of the Executive Yuan locked in the path of new public management for a “small yet competent” government, which has been followed to date. However, former President Chen Shui-bian did not complete the legislation due to the standstill of the divided government. It was until 2008 when former President Ma Ying-jeou came into full power did critical moment of the reorganization of the Executive Yuan appear and reorganization started. This paper summarizes the phenomena of path dependence and punctuated equilibrium from the organizational restructuring of the Executive Yuan in the three stages. Finally, according to theories of organizational change, it is suggested that the degree “legal reservation” set by the Executive Yuan in the future should be moderately reduced. The philosophical concept of “customer orientation” and mindset of “function block” should be reviewed, and the organizational culture and organizational learning ability should be integrated with revolutionary ability.
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