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A Research on the Cooperation of Trans-regional Environment Governance between Two Sides of Taiwan Strait: A Case of Haze Management
International environmental laws
Environmental issues are greatly concerned worldwide. Especially the haze has been an important issue that cannot be overlooked. In 2015, a documentary film Under the Dome directed by Chai Jing, a former China Central Television journalist, investigated the truth of haze. After this documentary film released on several main social websites in China, it drew attention from the public. Under the Dome elaborated the damages, causes and solutions of haze in depth, which was literally a blunt critique to China’s administrative system and monopolies. In fact, haze is also a crucial public issue in Taiwan. From 2013, a quarter of China has overwhelmed by lasting and large-scaled haze and around over six hundred millions people have been affected. Among all the polluted areas, Jingjinji (Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei) is the severest. Taiwan’s PM2.5 problem mainly occurs in early winter, which partly comes from foreign monsoon and partly comes from domestic pollutants, including human pollutant sources (mobile and industrial emissions, bare grounds dusts distributed by winds, and festival smokes) and natural pollutant sources (sandstorms and volcanic eruptions). Based on the descriptions above, to effectively cope with the issue of haze governance requires the cooperation of Taiwan and China. In previous environmental cases, most researches used single nation power to deal with problems, which often neglected the trans-regional cooperation. Environmental problems relate to the interests of both Taiwan and China. Thus, only through cooperation—such as building effective systems in law, policy and method—can the governments benefit the public of Taiwan and China. In the first place, this study illustrates the meaning, importance and characteristics of environmental governance as well as necessity of trans-regional governance. Second, this study discusses the haze condition and current strategies of China and Taiwan. Finally, through environmental governance cases in other regions, this study maintains that Taiwan and China can build mutual defense and control system, dealing with the haze problem by practicing “the Cross-Strait cooperation agreement on environmental protection” and public participation.
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