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An Analysis and Research of Recognizing Chinese Characters’ Teaching Materials
Chinese characters’ teaching
Reading Materials for children
Digital teaching materials
Reading and writing separate teaching
本研究旨在分析探討現今市面上漢字識字教材的編寫理念與特色，包含七本中國大陸出版的對外漢字教學教材與兩本臺灣出版的漢字教學教材，以及將現今漢字識字教材與中國古代的童蒙識字教材代表-《三字經》、《百家姓》、《千字文》進行分析比較，並探討中國古代兒童的識字方法與現今對外漢字教學的異同，以及古代識字教材的編寫特徵，並將這些特徵作為現今華語教學中漢字識讀能力的參考。除此之外，隨著數位科技的進步，近年來華語教材也逐漸朝向數位化發展。筆者挑選目前最具代表性的兩套數位華語教材-《中文妙方》(Chinese Cubes)和《智慧華語》(IQ Chinese)來分析探討其漢字選用與教材特色。希望本研究能為華語教學者與漢字教材編寫者提供一點幫助。|
In recent years，Chinese language learning rapidly increase in almost every place in the world.There are several Chinese teaching materials on the market.The early Chinese teaching materials emphasized listening and speaking,neglected reading and writing.The proportion of teaching Chinese characters in class is relatively low. Therefore, for non Chinese character educational sphere learners,their Chinese reading and writing ability is often worse than Chinese listening and speaking ability.But Chinese characters is very important.Not only for native speakers,but also for foreign learners, recognizing Chinese Characters is necessary.If a learner lacks of recognizing Chinese Characters ability,even if he or she can speak Chinese fluently,he or she just an illiterate person. Recognizing Chinese Characters is emphasized from ancient times in China. Chinese Characters is very important for children.Therefore, there are many suitable Characters textbooks to enlighten children and make them to recognize Chinese Characters.In Chinese ancient times,the first way to teach children recognize characters is let them to recite "Three Character Classic","Various Families surname","Thousand Character Classic"these three books.Let the students know about two thousand Chinese Characters,and then teacher explained the detail meaning of textbooks. Nowdays,there are many people learning Chinese all over the world. But for non Chinese character educational sphere learners learning characters is a challenge. Because Chinese Characters are different with alphabet.Chinese Characters have complex structures and strokes.Many Chinese teachers teach the students how to recognize and how to write Chinese Characters at the same time.But in ancient China,teacher separated recognizing and writing.Students had to recognize an amount of Chinese characters,then teacher would teach them how to write Chinese Characters. The purpose of this study is to analyze Chinese Characters’ materials for teaching Chinese as a second language. And compare the ancient Chinese Characters’textbooks with modern Chinese Characters’textbooks.Discussion on the similarities and differences between ancient Chinese Characters teaching methods for Chinese children and nowdays Chinese Characters teaching methods for teaching Chinese as a second language. In recent years, Chinese teaching materials have gradually toward to digital. The author chooses two sets of digital Chinese teaching materials which are the most representative-「Chinese Cubes 」and 「IQ Chinese」to analyze and discuss the selection of Chinese characters and the characteristics of the teaching materials. The results of this study are that the ancient characters’ textbooks use the「 character-based pedagogical model」、「differentiating Chinese character range between reading and writing」、「focus of recognizing characters」to compile textbooks. The Chinese Characters’ materials for teaching Chinese as a second language should be based on the three principles.
|Appears in Collections:||學位論文|
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