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|其他標題:||The Ming and Qing dynasties’ Huizhou merchants in Hangzhou－for example in Yixian county Hong village Wang clan|
Chang Yu Tzu
National Taiwan Normal University Department of History
As one of the regional merchant communities, huizhou merchants play a vital role in Ming and Qing Dynasties' commercial world. Since the middle of the Ming dynasty,the prosperity of the jiangnan area and relations of a developed commodity economy,attracted more and more huizhou merchants leave for jiangnan towns doing their business. Hangzhou one of among the important national city, also be gathered into their business areas. The Wang Yuan Tai family had lived in Hong village, afterwards they move to Hangzhou in order to manage the salt industry in Hangzhou. By way of descendants' endeavor, their identity from the guest become naturalization of Hangzhou. In addition, they use the big profits from the family salt industry transfer to Hangzhou’s pawnbroking in the Kangxi dynasty. So, the Wang Yuan Tai family ranked one of the four-rich families in Hangzhou. In addition, the Wang clan in Hangzhou have an eye to the education of their children's education.They not only emphasis on Confucian education, but also actively cultivate their children's cultural literacy and leisure hobbies. For the public welfare activities between neighborhood, they try to do as possible as they can. Because of they love to do philanthropic work, they also establish harmonious relationship with the neighborhood. This article for example in Yixian county Hong village Wang clan, discusses this Wang family the migration course and the commercial content which manages in Hangzhou and their cultural life.
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