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Title: 數位學習實驗研究品質評估與現況分析:以行動學習為例
Other Titles: Quality Assessment and Situational Analysis of Experimental E-Learning Designs: A Case Study of Mobile Learning
Authors: 李漢岳
Han-Yueh Lee
Je-Ming Yang
Yao-Ting Sung
Issue Date: Jun-2017
Publisher: 國立臺灣師範大學
National Taiwan Normal University
Abstract: 由於近年來行動裝置與教育應用軟體的快速發展,探討行動裝置輔助學習效果的實驗研究大量增加。然而,目前尚缺乏以評估實驗研究品質為主題所進行的回顧性研究。因此,本研究的目的即為廣泛蒐集ERIC 和SSCI 資料庫自2003 年至2013 年間,197 篇以行動裝置輔助學習的實驗研究,並探討其在實驗設計嚴謹度、統計考驗之過程與結果的正確性,以及成效評估工具的品質等議題。研究結果顯示,實驗設計以準實驗研究占最多數(61%),但有四分之一的準實驗研究未考量實驗組與控制組之起點能力均等性問題。統計結果效度部分則發現,半數以上研究未符合統計基本假設,七成研究所採用之樣本數偏低,使其統計考驗力低落,效果值估計情形未臻精準。成效評估工具品質部分,則發現半數研究者未提供相關的測驗信度與效度資訊。最後,本研究根據研究結果與討論,對未來研究者提出相關建議。
Because of the substantial development of mobile devices and educational software in recent years, the results of mobile learning–based interventions represent a popular research topic for investigation. Although experiment quality is the basis of empirical research, few studies have explored this issue. Thus, the present study investigated the shortfalls in existing experimental research designs related to mobile learning over the past decade and offers suggestions in this paper. The researchers collected data from all 197 experimental studies on mobile learning published in the Education Resources Information Center and Institute of Science Index from 2003 to 2013. The findings of the present study are described as follows: (1) Quasi-experimental designs represent the most frequently used design type (61%); however, among the quasi-experimental studies, 25% did not consider baseline equivalence. (2) Over half of the studies may not have met basic statistical assumptions, and approximately 70% used insufficient sample sizes, leading to low statistical power and imprecise effect size estimation. (3) Half of the studies did not provide information on test reliability and validity. Finally, this paper discusses the results and their implications for future research and practice.
Other Identifiers: FC7226BC-BCA9-D589-6212-C7FEF09DF4C9
Appears in Collections:教育科學研究期刊

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