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Titel: 現象學取向的磨課師教學經驗隱含之意義
Sonstige Titel: Top Denotations Pertaining to Teaching Experiences of Massive Open Online Courses on the Basis of the Phenomenological Perspective
Autoren: 汪耀華
Yao-Hua Wang, Chi-Cheng Chang
Erscheinungsdatum: Mär-2018
Herausgeber: 國立臺灣師範大學
National Taiwan Normal University
Zusammenfassung: 本研究旨在探討磨課師(MOOCs)教學經驗隱含之意義。以現象學的深度訪談與資料分析步驟,從受訪教師內隱的心理體驗歷程,歸納屬於人們共通性現象的經驗之意義,可分五大項陳述:傳達以學生為中心的訊息、編導故事情境的教學影片、增加多元學習經驗比小知識重要、放下名利得失心、創新教學的熱情與執行力。綜合上述描述,發現MOOCs授課教師具備五項教學經驗的意義:一、轉化專業實務經驗:將實務歷練注入教材製作,不同於學校課程所教授的內容與型態,讓學生感知有用及興趣。二、善用多媒體建構教材:教師構思教學劇本架構,編導影片或動畫,與生活面連結讓學生易於理解,引導學生想像空間預見未來。三、增加多元學習經驗:引用多元資源教學,安排實務專家參與課程,擴增學生視野及知識。四、精進數位教學知能:放下個人名利心,體驗MOOCs教學,獲得磨練及反思。五、做中學的精神:懷抱創新教學的熱情,勇於嘗試執行。最後,從反思MOOCs授課教師教學經驗的意義,得到啟示並提出建議。
This study analyzes the denotations pertaining to instructors’ teaching experiences of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). By conducting a detailed phenomenological interview and data analysis, the study provides the denotations pertaining to common human phenomena through intrinsic psychological processes experienced by the instructors. The denotations were described on the basis of five perspectives—Delivering a learner-centered message, editing a teaching video with a story scenario, valuing the diversity of the learning experience over the acquisition of basic knowledge, setting aside fame and profit during teaching, and displaying the power of enthusiastic innovative teaching. On the basis of the five aforementioned descriptions, five denotations of teaching experiences were identified. (1) Transfer of professional practical experiences: This category involves preparing teaching materials on the basis of practical experience. Such materials differ from the contents of traditional courses and enable students to find the topic useful and interesting. (2) Preparing optimal multimedia teaching materials: This category involves teaching by utilizing the framework provided in the teaching materials and editing videos or animations by linking the topics with situations encountered in daily life. This enables students to comprehend the materials easily and face the future responsibly. (3) Diversified learning experiences: This category involves teaching with diverse resources, including experts, to broaden students’ horizons. (4) Advancing the digital teaching ability: This category involves setting aside the individual fame and profit during teaching and teaching MOOCs to provide appropriate training and obtain suitable feedback. (5) Spirit of learning by experiences: This category involves cherishing the enthusiasm of innovative teaching and taking up novel challenges when teaching. Finally, implications and recommendations are proposed by analyzing the denotations
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