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|Other Titles:||The Organization, Function and Challenge of American Community Colleges|
Chuan-Shou Hau1, Yu-Ying Yu
Department of Industrial Education, NTNU
American community colleges cultivated the high-quality workforce and to provide the affordable democratic higher education for democracy and to promotesocial status of learners to coordinate with the need of industry and the public. Thus, they have the honor as a benchmark of higher education to be researched in the world. However, the advanced countries are all committed to nurture high quality workforce to cope with the impact of technological innovation. When the US economy is in austerity era and the changing of industrial technology, and when the community college is facing the serious fund-decline, the functions and challenges have becomeour concern and discussion. Therefore, this study has analyzed, investigated, and compared the data through the college websites. It is discovered that the functions ofcolleges and community colleges have inherited resources sharing, and the mechanism of helping the students learn effectively. In contrast, the functions have turned from the manpower cultivation of the workforce to the multi-functional development, and provide locations without limitation programs, and to serve thelearning needs of the post-secondary public. Finally, this study sorts out five challenges of American Community College including: 1.When the industrial economy develops toward high-level service and high-end workforce, and the challenges through the cultivation of middle level practical talents of community colleges. 2. When the public enter community colleges as convergence programs to connect to the colleges, to carry out affordable, democratic, higher education challenges in performance responsibility 3. The demand of the workplaces is getting diverse and innovative; there is a serious shortage of teachers and resources. 4. To implement the omnidirectional education, to provide diverse and flexible curriculum and programs, which gives pressure to administrative planning and monitoring. 5. To implement lifelong learning, co-competitive partnershi
|Appears in Collections:||技術及職業教育學報|
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