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Title: 台灣、美國與德國技專校院學生校外實習成效評估項目之比較
Other Titles: The Comparison of Evaluation Criteria of College Students' Internship Effectiveness in Taiwan, the United States and Germany
Authors: 林宜玄
Yi-Shyuan Lin
Hsu-Yu Ho
Issue Date: Dec-2014
Publisher: 國立台灣師範大學工業教育學系
Department of Industrial Education, NTNU
Abstract: 自99學年度起,教育部已陸續推動二期「技職教育再造方案」,其中「技專校院開設校外實習課程」策略,主要目的在縮短畢業生學用間的落差,提供在校生實習機會以提早接觸職場、累積實務經驗,讓學生畢業後的就業能力能符合職場需求。實習成效評估在瞭解學生實習期間應習得之就業能力之外,亦能提供實習單位、輔導教師、在學生瞭解實習期間應習得之項目,因此探討學生校外實習實施成效評估項目更顯重要。本研究採用文件分析法,以通過教育部核定102學年度補助辦理校外實習課程的83所技專校院為母群,隨機選取30所校院的實習考核表內容進行分析,同時選取美國與德國各三所辦理校外實習成效卓著的大專校院,分析其實習成效評估項目,進而比較台灣與美國、德國學生校外實習評估項目的異同之處。研究發現我國技專校院學生校外實習成效評估表單包含6個評估構面,與15個評估項目;台灣、美國與德國相同的評估項目有2項;台灣與美國相同的有2項;台灣與德國相同的有2項;美國與德國相同的有4項。
Starting from the 2010 academic year, the Ministry of Education has started promoting the two "technical and vocational education and recycling programs", where "technical colleges to open campus internship programs" strategy, the main purpose of shortening the gap between graduate school with, provide internship opportunities to students early exposure in the workplace, the accumulated practical experience, let students employability after graduation can meet the needs of the workplace. Evaluating internship training effectiveness contributes to our understanding of students' acquisition of employability and provides internships administrations, mentoring teachers, and students involved with learning objectives during the practice of internship programs. Therefore, to explore the effectiveness of the implementation of students' extracurricular internships assessment criteria is of great importance.In this study, document analysis was served to analyze the content of the practical examination tables used in the internship programs in 30 subsidies-granted vocational colleges in Taiwan and in 3 colleges of excellence in the United States and Germany respectively. Then, the comparison between the students' off-campus internship evaluation criteria in Taiwan, the United States, and Germany were made. Finally, similarities and differences of assessment dimensions and assessment items concerned with the evaluation criteria were presented and discussed. This study found that Taiwan tertiary students' extracurricular internships effectiveness evaluation criteria should include assessment of 6 dimensions, and 15 assessment items; Taiwan, the United States and Germany have the same 2 assessment items; Taiwan and the United States have the same 2 assessment items; Taiwan and Germany have same 2 assessment items; the United States and Germany have the same 4 assessment items.
Other Identifiers: 499B7BCA-7CB1-80E1-C627-F9400253BA08
Appears in Collections:技術及職業教育學報

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