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|Other Titles:||On the Crisis of Eastern and Western Philosophy and the Solution: The Hidden Thread in Shu-Ming Liang’s Two Books|
National Taiwan Normal University
At the time of the May Fourth Movement, Shu-Ming Liang (梁漱溟) (1893-1988), one of the first-generation thinkers of Contemporary Neo-Confucianism, was in the midst of his youthful lecturing at Peking University (1917–1924), and published his renowned books, Eastern and Western Culture and its Philosophy (東西文化及其哲學) (1921) as well as Annotating the Meaning of Cittamatra (唯識述義) (1920). However, the connection between these two books and their meanings has been neglected ever since their publication. This paper attempts to demonstrate and analyze the hidden thread that connects these two books. This hidden thread is the contemplation of the crisis of metaphysics in Western philosophy and the crisis of values in Eastern philosophy during modern times, with “intuition” proposed as the solution. First, we explore the background of Liang’s two books. Second, we discuss the solution offered by Liang. He attempted to integrate the thought of the Indian Cittamatra with Bergson’s philosophy, applying the concept of “intuition” to solve thecrisis of metaphysics in Western philosophy. Additionally, he attempted to integrate Confucianism with Bergson’s philosophy, applying the concept of “intuition” to solve the crisis of values in Eastern philosophy. Finally, we conclude the paper by examining the meaning and value of Liang’s efforts.
|Appears in Collections:||師大學報|
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