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Title: 反共意識形態與性政治:1950-1960年代台韓社會中的他者們
Other Titles: Anti-Communism and Sexual Politics: The Social Others in1950-1960 Taiwan and South Korea
Authors: 陳佩甄
Chen, Pei-jean
Issue Date: Apr-2019
Publisher: 國立台灣師範大學台灣語文學系
Department of Taiwan Culture, Languages, and Literature, NTNU
Abstract: 「從北Gay」這個詞過去幾年開始出現於南韓的反LGBTQ 運動中,指控性少數團體就如同親北、親共人士,都對國家安全造成威脅。這樣的修辭不僅重新點燃過往政治時空中普遍存在的恐怖主義,亦再次將「性變態」(sexual perversion)和「政治顛覆」(political subversion)連結起來。本文認為「從北Gay」這樣的詞彙反映的不只是南韓社會內部的歷史問題,對照戰後初期台灣反共論述中的「性變態」身影,即可窺見當時台韓社會內部皆有類似的政治傾向。本文將追溯反共意識形態中「政治與性」如何交互運作:透過檢視大眾論述如何以「性變態」為特徵,將共產主義者「非人性化」,並塑造新的性∕別規範。為此,本文聚焦於1950-1960年代台韓媒體如何再現共產主義者和「性變態」者,並將詳細討論三部台韓小說:《重陽》(1961)、《永遠活著》(1959)和〈傻瓜與白痴〉(1966)。本文發現,媒體和文學再現的共產主義者和同性戀者皆與謀殺、性暴力和性變態有關,而這樣的表現手法促成了社會大眾對於這兩種人的仇恨情緒,並將這兩種人物轉化為意識形態和社會的不法分子。而這樣的作法,不僅讓政治意識形態得以進入各層級人民的生活領域,同時又以性別矛盾取代階級、種族、族群間的衝突與無解。本文強調,政治意識形態和性∕別規範必須交叉思考,才更能有效理解社會內部各種權力關係的運作模式。
The term “chongbuk gei” (pro-North Korea gay) has emerged in South Koreananti-LGBTQ rhetoric in recent years. The use of this term has reignited the war era scaretactics, ultimately creating a spurious connection between sexual perversion and politicalsubversion, and placing blame on members of these groups as threats to national security.Portrayals of “sexual perversion” in the discourse of anti-Communism also emerged inpostwar Taiwan. This paper focuses on the interaction between political and sexual discoursewithin the framework of Cold War ideology, investigating how the representations of sexualperversion were applied to dehumanize the Communists and establish a new sexual standard.To this end, this paper examines media representation of Communists and homosexuals in the1950s and 1960s, with a further discussion on the novels Rival Suns (1961), Living Forever(1959) and “The Wounded” (1966), published during the early postwar period in Taiwan andSouth Korea. It is found that a considerable number of media and literary representations ofCommunist and homosexual figures were linked to brutal murder, sexual violence anddeviance, resulting in the general public’s contempt toward these two groups. Media andliterary outlets are obvious paths for political ideology to permeate into the everyday life of thegeneral public, while classist, racist, and ethnic conflicts are often replaced with contradictionson sexuality. As this paper argues, political ideology and sexual politics must becross-examined for a better understanding of the operational modes of various power relationswithin society.
Other Identifiers: EF8E5A0E-741F-AAC1-DAB0-C637BCB2D98C
Appears in Collections:台灣學誌

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