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|Other Titles:||Writing and Displaying Agricultural Knowledge: The Case Study of Rice Breeds Transition of Northern Taiwan in 19th Century|
Graduate Institute of Taiwan History
Rice cultivation was one of the most important land developments in Qing Dynasty Taiwan. Not only was rice a valuable food, since it was also connected to the tax, trade, and transformation of landscapes, numerous researchers continued to discuss this subject. However, paddy and upland rice has more than one variation. During the time when neither dominant political power nor business organizations had the ability to determine the breed to be grown, breed selection involved the consideration of multiple aspects. In addition, long cultivation duration of one breed might result in hybrids or variations. New species were therefore derived and created, and the number of new breeds was innumerable. Thriving crops might even depict patterns and waves of rice that were composed of differing breeds.Nonetheless, few studies have discussed which rice breed was favored in the period, what were the characteristics of the breed, and how was the breed distributed. Rice cultivation was a comprehensive knowledge recorded in chapters concerning local product chronicles. Moreover, it was quoted in several documents and contracts. The characteristics of the recorded breeds are the starting point for observing agricultural management in Qing Dynasty, and the records also serve as an indicator of the level of knowledge for government officials and intellectuals.The northern Taiwan is unique in its cultural and geographical environments. Several local chronicles were published during the 19th century. This period can be observed independently to examine the transition and change of rice breeds, several aspects of the agricultural cultivation techniques, and how government officials and intellectuals recorded and depicted local breeds. Based on this study, a total of 47 breeds were recorded in the local chronicle in 19 century Northern Taiwan. This number might be few, compared to recursive studies in the beginning of the 20th century. Furthermore, there was no systematic standard for the
|Appears in Collections:||師大台灣史學報|
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