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|Other Titles:||An Action Research about Using Strengths-BasedPerspective to Develop an Educational Programto Empower Volunteers to Assist Older Adultswith Knee Osteoarthritis Self-Management|
Department of Health Promotion and Health Education National Taiwan Normal University
In this study, combining the strengths-based perspective and chronic diseaseself-management model, used the method of action research to develop aneducational program and volunteer learning manual which aimed at improving thecapacity of community volunteers to assist older adults with knee osteoarthritis(OA) to care for them. The subjects were volunteers aged over 50 who had servedat least one year in community centers for the elderly in Chia-Yi County. By actionresearch method, this study used qualitative and quantitative mixed design to recordand analyzes this process. First, 59 volunteers were randomly selected to takequestionnaire to explore the community volunteers’ awareness of this disease andtheir willingness and effectiveness in assisting the elderly in self-management ofthis disease, so as to develop training programs and teaching materials and inviting11 experts to assess their appropriateness. Following, recruited 30 volunteersto carry out training and practical community teaching, as well as evaluatingeffectiveness before and after the training and evaluating curriculum satisfaction.The last conducted volunteer and community leaders’ focus group interview. According to the results of interviews revised the educational programs. The resultsshow that the strengths of volunteers are that the willingness to assist elderly peoplein self-management is high and the motivation for learning is also very strong. Itis easier for volunteers to communicate with elderly people. The disadvantages arethat the program is very time-consuming, the retention rate of trained volunteers islow, and volunteers are not self-confident in helping elderly people with knee OAto take care of themselves, skills of self-management are not very proficient, andthe teaching for the ill-literate elderly people is more difficult. Finally, suggestionsare put forward to improve the educational program, including improvements ofvolunteer’s training curriculum and delivery of educational services.
|Appears in Collections:||健康促進與衛生教育學報|
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